Investigation of chemical rinses suitable for very small meat plants to reduce pathogens on beef surfaces

Sally F. Yoder, William R. Henning, Edward W. Mills, Stephanie Doores, Nancy Ostiguy, Catherine N. Cutter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Numerous antimicrobial interventions are capable of reducing the prevalence of harmful bacteria on raw meat products. There is a need to identify effective and inexpensive antimicrobial interventions that could, in practice, be used in very small meat plants because of limited financial, space, and labor resources. Eight antimicrobial compounds (acetic acid, citric acid, lactic acid, peroxyacetic acid, acidified sodium chlorite, chlorine dioxide, sodium hypochlorite, and aqueous ozone) were applied at various concentrations with small, hand-held spraying equipment, and bactericidal effectiveness was examined. Beef plate pieces were inoculated with fecal slurry containing a pathogen cocktail (Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella Typhimurium, Campylobacter coli, and Campylobacter jejuni) and natural populations of aerobic plate counts, coliforms, and E. coli. Antimicrobial solutions were applied to beef surfaces via a portable, pressurized hand-held spray tank, and treated surfaces were subjected to appropriate methods for the enumeration and isolation of pathogens and hygiene indicators. Relative antimicrobial effectiveness was determined (from greatest to least): (i) organic acids, (ii) peroxyacetic acid, (iii) chlorinated compounds, and (iv) aqueous ozone. Using the equipment described, a 2% lactic acid rinse provided 3.5-to 6.4-log CFU/cm 2 reductions across all bacterial populations studied. Conversely, aqueous ozone yielded 0.02-to 2.9-log CFU/cm 2 reductions in pathogens and hygiene indicators, and did not differ significantly from a control tap water rinse (P ∼ 0.055 to 0.731). This 2% lactic acid rinse will be subsequently combined with a previously described water wash to create a multistep antimicrobial intervention that will be examined under laboratory conditions and validated in very small meat plants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-21
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Food Protection
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Microbiology


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