The temperature dependence of piezoelectric, pyroelectric, and dielectric properties have been measured for  and  oriented 0.92Pb (Zn13 Nb23) O3 -0.08PbTi O3 (PZN-8%PT) and 0.955Pb (Zn13 Nb23) O3 -0.045PbTi O3 (PZN-4.5%PT) single crystals poled by two different poling methods, i.e., room temperature (RT) poling and poling through field cooling (FC). Compared with the RT poling case, some interesting features have been found in the FC poled  oriented crystal but not in the  oriented crystal. These features include the enhancement of piezoelectric properties, lowering of the transition temperature from rhombohedral to tetragonal phase, increasing the amplitude of the spontaneous polarization in the tetragonal phase region, and the decrease of the dielectric constants in the tetragonal phase. These results revealed that the dipolar defects in the crystals are formed between the B and O sites in the AB O3 perovskite structure.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)