Investigation of dipolar defects in (1-x)Pb (Zn13 Nb23) O3 -xPbTi O3 single crystals using different poling methods

Mingrong Shen, Wenwu Cao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The temperature dependence of piezoelectric, pyroelectric, and dielectric properties have been measured for [001] and [111] oriented 0.92Pb (Zn13 Nb23) O3 -0.08PbTi O3 (PZN-8%PT) and 0.955Pb (Zn13 Nb23) O3 -0.045PbTi O3 (PZN-4.5%PT) single crystals poled by two different poling methods, i.e., room temperature (RT) poling and poling through field cooling (FC). Compared with the RT poling case, some interesting features have been found in the FC poled [001] oriented crystal but not in the [111] oriented crystal. These features include the enhancement of piezoelectric properties, lowering of the transition temperature from rhombohedral to tetragonal phase, increasing the amplitude of the spontaneous polarization in the tetragonal phase region, and the decrease of the dielectric constants in the tetragonal phase. These results revealed that the dipolar defects in the crystals are formed between the B and O sites in the AB O3 perovskite structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number014105
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume101
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 24 2007

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single crystals
defects
crystals
cooling
room temperature
dielectric properties
transition temperature
permittivity
temperature dependence
augmentation
polarization

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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title = "Investigation of dipolar defects in (1-x)Pb (Zn13 Nb23) O3 -xPbTi O3 single crystals using different poling methods",
abstract = "The temperature dependence of piezoelectric, pyroelectric, and dielectric properties have been measured for [001] and [111] oriented 0.92Pb (Zn13 Nb23) O3 -0.08PbTi O3 (PZN-8{\%}PT) and 0.955Pb (Zn13 Nb23) O3 -0.045PbTi O3 (PZN-4.5{\%}PT) single crystals poled by two different poling methods, i.e., room temperature (RT) poling and poling through field cooling (FC). Compared with the RT poling case, some interesting features have been found in the FC poled [001] oriented crystal but not in the [111] oriented crystal. These features include the enhancement of piezoelectric properties, lowering of the transition temperature from rhombohedral to tetragonal phase, increasing the amplitude of the spontaneous polarization in the tetragonal phase region, and the decrease of the dielectric constants in the tetragonal phase. These results revealed that the dipolar defects in the crystals are formed between the B and O sites in the AB O3 perovskite structure.",
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Investigation of dipolar defects in (1-x)Pb (Zn13 Nb23) O3 -xPbTi O3 single crystals using different poling methods. / Shen, Mingrong; Cao, Wenwu.

In: Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 101, No. 1, 014105, 24.01.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Cao, Wenwu

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N2 - The temperature dependence of piezoelectric, pyroelectric, and dielectric properties have been measured for [001] and [111] oriented 0.92Pb (Zn13 Nb23) O3 -0.08PbTi O3 (PZN-8%PT) and 0.955Pb (Zn13 Nb23) O3 -0.045PbTi O3 (PZN-4.5%PT) single crystals poled by two different poling methods, i.e., room temperature (RT) poling and poling through field cooling (FC). Compared with the RT poling case, some interesting features have been found in the FC poled [001] oriented crystal but not in the [111] oriented crystal. These features include the enhancement of piezoelectric properties, lowering of the transition temperature from rhombohedral to tetragonal phase, increasing the amplitude of the spontaneous polarization in the tetragonal phase region, and the decrease of the dielectric constants in the tetragonal phase. These results revealed that the dipolar defects in the crystals are formed between the B and O sites in the AB O3 perovskite structure.

AB - The temperature dependence of piezoelectric, pyroelectric, and dielectric properties have been measured for [001] and [111] oriented 0.92Pb (Zn13 Nb23) O3 -0.08PbTi O3 (PZN-8%PT) and 0.955Pb (Zn13 Nb23) O3 -0.045PbTi O3 (PZN-4.5%PT) single crystals poled by two different poling methods, i.e., room temperature (RT) poling and poling through field cooling (FC). Compared with the RT poling case, some interesting features have been found in the FC poled [001] oriented crystal but not in the [111] oriented crystal. These features include the enhancement of piezoelectric properties, lowering of the transition temperature from rhombohedral to tetragonal phase, increasing the amplitude of the spontaneous polarization in the tetragonal phase region, and the decrease of the dielectric constants in the tetragonal phase. These results revealed that the dipolar defects in the crystals are formed between the B and O sites in the AB O3 perovskite structure.

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