Investigation of PVD DLC thin films manufactured using HIPIMS Etch / Unbalanced magnetron sputter (UBM) deposition and secondary mechano-chemical modification

L. A. Donohue, A. Torosyan, P. May, J. Kulik, D. E. Wolfe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

PVD Diamond-like-carbon (DLC) coatings find increasing industrial acceptance in automotive, aerospace and medical applications due to reduced friction and low wear coefficient. Very recently, High Power Impulse Magnetron Sputter (HIPIMS) sources have been shown to produce fluxes with very high metal ion fraction similar to that produced by arc evaporation sources, without showing excessive heating and droplet formation characteristics. These new source properties now enable industrial scale low temperature, low roughness and high efficiency etching of the substrate prior to deposition to deliver enhanced adhesion. We report on the properties and performance of HIPIMS etched titanium containing DLC (Me-DLC) and metal free (graphite based) C-DLC films deposited at temperature below 160°C. Prior to deposition, the coating-substrate interface was engineered using high substrate bias voltage closed field unbalanced magnetron enhanced Ar etch followed by metal ion etch using a single Cr HIPIMS source. The mechanical, tribological and physical properties of the coatings have been investigated using XTEM, dynamic micro-hardness, Scratch and Rockwell-C Adhesion, Raman microscopy and pin-on-disc tribological testing. 3.5μm as-deposited Me-DLC films showed hardness around 1000HV, friction coefficient 0.15 and excellent adhesion (LC1∼60N, LC2>140N). 2.5μm thick as-deposited C-DLC coatings exhibited significantly increased hardness to 3400HV, extremely low friction coefficient (0.06), a shift in phase composition to high sp3 percentage, whilst maintaining very good adhesion following HIPIMS etch. XSTEM & EDX analysis across the coating-substrate interface showed distinct modification of the substrate through the use of a HIPIMS source. After deposition, selected Me-DLC coatings have been treated by secondary surface modification using a novel mechano-chemical method. SEM and nano-indentation investigations established that by applying mechano-chemical processing it is possible to change the microstructure of Me-DLC coating, increases hardness and decrease surface roughness without compromising friction or adhesion behavior. In particular a significant change in the film morphology has been observed and as a result the hardness of the films may be increased by up to 40%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNational Association for Surface Finishing Annual International Technical Conference, SUR/FIN 2008
Pages80-98
Number of pages19
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008
EventNational Association for Surface Finishing Annual International Technical Conference, SUR/FIN 2008 - Indianapolis, IN, United States
Duration: Jun 16 2008Jun 18 2008

Publication series

NameNational Association for Surface Finishing Annual International Technical Conference, SUR/FIN 2008

Other

OtherNational Association for Surface Finishing Annual International Technical Conference, SUR/FIN 2008
CountryUnited States
CityIndianapolis, IN
Period6/16/086/18/08

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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    Donohue, L. A., Torosyan, A., May, P., Kulik, J., & Wolfe, D. E. (2008). Investigation of PVD DLC thin films manufactured using HIPIMS Etch / Unbalanced magnetron sputter (UBM) deposition and secondary mechano-chemical modification. In National Association for Surface Finishing Annual International Technical Conference, SUR/FIN 2008 (pp. 80-98). (National Association for Surface Finishing Annual International Technical Conference, SUR/FIN 2008).