Because of the existence of multiscale pores from nano- to macroscale, a multimechanistic shale gas flow process involving the Darcy and Knudsen flows occurs during gas shale well depletion. The respective contribution of the Darcy and Knudsen flows to the permeability is constantly changing with pressure evolution. In this study, laboratory measurements of shale permeability with CO2 injections were carried out under hydrostatic conditions, using the transient pulse-decay method. The "U"-shape permeability curve resulted in both positive and negative effective stress coefficients (Biot's coefficient) χ. A permeability turning point was thus created to partition permeability curves into the Darcy and Knudsen sections. The Knudsen effect was proven to be significant at low pressure/late time in the laboratory. Effective stress and sorption-induced deformation have been found to govern the Darcy permeability evolution under the tested experimental conditions. Thus, negative effective stress coefficients, together with the positive ones, should be applied to a nonmonotonic pressure-permeability evolution to explain the concurrent effect of the Darcy flow and Knudsen flow at different pore pressures.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)