Sputtered indium tin oxide (ITO)/Si contacts reveal a reduced interfacial barrier on n-Si and an increase on p-Si as expected from ion damage. Deep level transient spectroscopy (DLTS) identifies three electron traps (0.10, 0.19 and 0.25 eV) in n-Si and a single hole trap at 0.20 eV in p-Si with concentrations ≈ 2-5 × 10 12 cm -3 . Pre-hydrogenation of wafers in a plasma greatly reduces the DLTS signal, offering first evidence of in-situ passivation of sputter damage by atomic hydrogen. Low-temperature anneal (180°C, 12-24 h) of the ITO sputter damage and influence of illumination during anneal appear to favor possible defect anneal by recombination-assisted processes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films