Investigation of subsequent deposit growth on pre-existing lubricant deposits: a substitutional growth model

Sylvain Didier B. Kouame, Randy Lee Vander Wal, Joseph Manuel Sr Perez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Penn State Micro-Oxidation (PSMO) test was used in an inverse manner to pre-cover metallic pan surfaces with polymeric, transitioning and carbonaceous films. These pre-coated pans were then used as the initial test specimen/surface upon which fresh lubricant samples were aged. The effects of pre-deposits of varied ages were gauged against the baseline of a virgin metallic surface to decouple the lubricant-deposit system towards resolving their effect upon further deposit growth. From such data, a uniform deposition model describing deposit formation and aging was developed. Chemical characterisation of PSMO deposits by Fourier transform infrared-attenuated total reflectance and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscope analyses provide additional supporting evidence of changes in chemical bonding (alkyl C–H and carbonyl C=O bond stretching vibrations) and composition (C- and O-atom content) as the deposits undergo deoxygenation and dehydrogenation reactions. Across different aged oils and films, the substitution tests show a declining activity towards mass deposition with film age, interpreted as decline in reactivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)267-280
Number of pages14
JournalLubrication Science
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

Fingerprint

Lubricants
Deposits
Oxidation
Dehydrogenation
Stretching
Fourier transforms
Oils
Substitution reactions
Aging of materials
Infrared radiation
X rays
Atoms
Chemical analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "The Penn State Micro-Oxidation (PSMO) test was used in an inverse manner to pre-cover metallic pan surfaces with polymeric, transitioning and carbonaceous films. These pre-coated pans were then used as the initial test specimen/surface upon which fresh lubricant samples were aged. The effects of pre-deposits of varied ages were gauged against the baseline of a virgin metallic surface to decouple the lubricant-deposit system towards resolving their effect upon further deposit growth. From such data, a uniform deposition model describing deposit formation and aging was developed. Chemical characterisation of PSMO deposits by Fourier transform infrared-attenuated total reflectance and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscope analyses provide additional supporting evidence of changes in chemical bonding (alkyl C–H and carbonyl C=O bond stretching vibrations) and composition (C- and O-atom content) as the deposits undergo deoxygenation and dehydrogenation reactions. Across different aged oils and films, the substitution tests show a declining activity towards mass deposition with film age, interpreted as decline in reactivity.",
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Investigation of subsequent deposit growth on pre-existing lubricant deposits : a substitutional growth model. / Kouame, Sylvain Didier B.; Vander Wal, Randy Lee; Perez, Joseph Manuel Sr.

In: Lubrication Science, Vol. 28, No. 5, 01.08.2016, p. 267-280.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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