Investigation of the Sustainability and Resilience Characteristics of Buildings Including Existing and Potential Assessment Metrics

V. Hasik, J. P.S. Chhabra, G. P. Warn, M. M. Bilec

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Environmental and social issues related to the built environment have prompted discussions about sustainability and resilience of infrastructure. Buildings in particular are a major consumer of energy and material resources and can be vulnerable to natural and man-made hazards. Poor performance of a building in a number of areas, like structural integrity and energy use, can result in disruption to the regular functioning of the building and communities, and additional resource consumption and impacts associated with operation, maintenance, and repairs. This study explored the current literature and consensus regarding sustainability and resilience of buildings, covering the background of sustainability and resilience, including respective definitions, characteristics, theories, and interactions between the two. The study then examined current approaches for assessing and enhancing sustainability and resilience of buildings, with particular attention to life cycle assessment, green building rating systems, building codes, and performance-based earthquake engineering assessments. It also explored resilience assessments and strategies applied at the community scale and their relation to buildings. Factors and metrics considered in the various assessment frameworks are then used to form a new hybrid framework allowing for the comparison of sustainability and resilience of buildings. The culmination of the study is an example of a proposed set of sustainability and resilience metrics spanning areas of resource efficiency, service provision, site impacts, indoor environment, and structural integrity, with each of the areas further including a subset of factors contributing to the perceived performance of a building. The proposed metrics present a novel approach to the study of tradeoffs between designs for sustainability and resilience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAEI 2017
Subtitle of host publicationResilience of the Integrated Building - Proceedings of the Architectural Engineering National Conference 2017
EditorsJeffery S. Volz
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Pages1019-1033
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9780784480502
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017
EventArchitectural Engineering National Conference 2017: Resilience of the Integrated Building, AEI 2017 - Oklahoma City, United States
Duration: Apr 11 2017Apr 13 2017

Publication series

NameAEI 2017: Resilience of the Integrated Building - Proceedings of the Architectural Engineering National Conference 2017

Other

OtherArchitectural Engineering National Conference 2017: Resilience of the Integrated Building, AEI 2017
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityOklahoma City
Period4/11/174/13/17

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Architecture

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