Invited review: Learning from the future—A vision for dairy farms and cows in 2067

J. H. Britt, R. A. Cushman, Chad Daniel Dechow, H. Dobson, P. Humblot, M. F. Hutjens, G. A. Jones, P. S. Ruegg, I. M. Sheldon, J. S. Stevenson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The world's population will reach 10.4 billion in 2067, with 81% residing in Africa or Asia. Arable land available for food production will decrease to 0.15 ha per person. Temperature will increase in tropical and temperate zones, especially in the Northern Hemisphere, and this will push growing seasons and dairy farming away from arid areas and into more northern latitudes. Dairy consumption will increase because it provides essential nutrients more efficiently than many other agricultural systems. Dairy farming will become modernized in developing countries and milk production per cow will increase, doubling in countries with advanced dairying systems. Profitability of dairy farms will be the key to their sustainability. Genetic improvements will include emphasis on the coding genome and associated noncoding epigenome of cattle, and on microbiomes of dairy cattle and farmsteads. Farm sizes will increase and there will be greater lateral integration of housing and management of dairy cattle of different ages and production stages. Integrated sensors, robotics, and automation will replace much of the manual labor on farms. Managing the epigenome and microbiome will become part of routine herd management. Innovations in dairy facilities will improve the health of cows and permit expression of natural behaviors. Herds will be viewed as superorganisms, and studies of herds as observational units will lead to improvements in productivity, health, and well-being of dairy cattle, and improve the agroecology and sustainability of dairy farms. Dairy farmers in 2067 will meet the world's needs for essential nutrients by adopting technologies and practices that provide improved cow health and longevity, profitable dairy farms, and sustainable agriculture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3722-3741
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of dairy science
Volume101
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

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dairy farming
learning
dairy cows
Learning
Agriculture
dairy cattle
Microbiota
herds
cows
Food
milk production
dairies
Dairying
Health
dairy consumption
agroecology
farm size
Automation
nutrients
Robotics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

Cite this

Britt, J. H., Cushman, R. A., Dechow, C. D., Dobson, H., Humblot, P., Hutjens, M. F., ... Stevenson, J. S. (2018). Invited review: Learning from the future—A vision for dairy farms and cows in 2067. Journal of dairy science, 101(5), 3722-3741. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2017-14025
Britt, J. H. ; Cushman, R. A. ; Dechow, Chad Daniel ; Dobson, H. ; Humblot, P. ; Hutjens, M. F. ; Jones, G. A. ; Ruegg, P. S. ; Sheldon, I. M. ; Stevenson, J. S. / Invited review : Learning from the future—A vision for dairy farms and cows in 2067. In: Journal of dairy science. 2018 ; Vol. 101, No. 5. pp. 3722-3741.
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Britt, JH, Cushman, RA, Dechow, CD, Dobson, H, Humblot, P, Hutjens, MF, Jones, GA, Ruegg, PS, Sheldon, IM & Stevenson, JS 2018, 'Invited review: Learning from the future—A vision for dairy farms and cows in 2067', Journal of dairy science, vol. 101, no. 5, pp. 3722-3741. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2017-14025

Invited review : Learning from the future—A vision for dairy farms and cows in 2067. / Britt, J. H.; Cushman, R. A.; Dechow, Chad Daniel; Dobson, H.; Humblot, P.; Hutjens, M. F.; Jones, G. A.; Ruegg, P. S.; Sheldon, I. M.; Stevenson, J. S.

In: Journal of dairy science, Vol. 101, No. 5, 01.05.2018, p. 3722-3741.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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