Objective - Reduced frequency of atherosclerotic plaques is observed in interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase-1 (IRAK1)-deficient mice; however, the underlying mechanism is not clear. Therefore, this study investigate the role of IRAK1 in vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and neointimal hyperplasia. Approach and Results - Stimulation of rat primary vascular smooth muscle cells with fetal bovine serum (10%) or platelet-derived growth factor-BB (20 ng/mL) for 15 minutes to 24 hours induced a time-dependent increase in IRAK1 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activation, proliferating cell nuclear antigen upregulation and p27Kip1 downregulation as assessed by Western blotting. Inhibitors of ERK pathway (U0126, 10 μmol/L), IRAK (IRAK1/4, 3 μmol/L), protein kinase C (PKC; Ro-31-8220, 1 μmol/L), siRNA of toll-like receptor-4 (200 nmol/L), and PKC-ε (200 nmol/L) significantly attenuated these changes. Platelet-derived growth factor induced endogenous IRAK-ERK-PKC-ε association in a toll-like receptor-4 and PKC-ε-dependent manner. A time-dependent increase in IRAK1 and ERK activation was observed after 15 minutes, 30 minutes, 1 hour, 6 hours, 12 hours, and 24 hours of carotid balloon injury in rats. Balloon injury induced endogenous IRAK-ERK-PKC-ε interaction. Perivascular application of IRAK1/4 inhibitor (100 μmol/L), U0126 (100 μmol/L), and IRAK1 siRNA (220 and 360 nmol/L) in pluronic gel abrogated balloon injury-induced ERK phosphorylation, activation, and p27Kip1 downregulation. Hematoxylin and eosin staining and immunohistochemistry of proliferating cell nuclear antigen and smooth muscle actin demonstrated that balloon injury-induced intimal thickening and neointimal vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation were significantly abrogated in the presence of IRAK1/4 inhibitor, IRAK1 siRNA, and U0126. Conclusions - IRAK1 mediates vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and neointimal hyperplasia by regulating PKC-ε-IRAK1-ERK axis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology|
|State||Published - Jun 27 2015|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine