The distribution of K+ ions in electrified slit-shaped micropores with pore widths ranging from 9.36 to 14.7 Å was studied using molecular dynamics simulations. We show that, in slit pores with pore widths between 10 and 14.7 Å, the K+ ion distribution differs qualitatively from that described by classical electrical double-layer (EDL) theories in that fully hydrated K+ ions accumulate primarily in the central plane of the slit pores. This phenomenon disappears when the pore width is narrower than 10 Å. Ion hydration and water-water interactions, which are rarely considered in prior EDL theories for micropores, are found to be responsible for this behavior. On the basis of these results, we have developed a new sandwich capacitance model to describe the capacitance of the EDLs formed by K+ ions enclosed in slit-shaped micropores. This model is capable of predicting the anomalous enhancement of capacitance experimentally observed in micropores.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Apr 27 2010|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)