Ion exchange strengthening and thermal expansion of glasses: Common origin and critical role of network connectivity

Mengyi Wang, Bu Wang, N. M.Anoop Krishnan, Yingtian Yu, Morten M. Smedskjaer, John C. Mauro, Gaurav Sant, Mathieu Bauchy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Various commercial glasses are strengthened via ion exchange at their surface, wherein small alkali ions from the glass are replaced by larger ones from a surrounding molten salt bath, thereby inducing the formation of a compressive stress layer. However, the level of stress induced by ion exchange is typically significantly lower than its theoretical limit (so-called network dilation anomaly). Here, based on molecular dynamics simulations of sodium aluminosilicate glasses, we assess the influence of network connectivity on stress development upon ion exchange. We show that, similarly to thermal expansion, the propensity for ion exchange-induced expansion is controlled by the connectivity of the network. This suggests that tuning the network connectivity may lead to the development of higher compressive stress upon ion exchange and, thereby, to stronger glasses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)70-74
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Volume455
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Thermal expansion
thermal expansion
Ion exchange
Glass
expansion
glass
ions
Compressive stress
salt baths
Aluminosilicates
Alkalies
molten salts
Molecular dynamics
Molten materials
Tuning
Salts
Sodium
alkalies
Ions
tuning

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Wang, Mengyi ; Wang, Bu ; Krishnan, N. M.Anoop ; Yu, Yingtian ; Smedskjaer, Morten M. ; Mauro, John C. ; Sant, Gaurav ; Bauchy, Mathieu. / Ion exchange strengthening and thermal expansion of glasses : Common origin and critical role of network connectivity. In: Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. 2017 ; Vol. 455. pp. 70-74.
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Ion exchange strengthening and thermal expansion of glasses : Common origin and critical role of network connectivity. / Wang, Mengyi; Wang, Bu; Krishnan, N. M.Anoop; Yu, Yingtian; Smedskjaer, Morten M.; Mauro, John C.; Sant, Gaurav; Bauchy, Mathieu.

In: Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 455, 01.01.2017, p. 70-74.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ion exchange strengthening and thermal expansion of glasses

T2 - Common origin and critical role of network connectivity

AU - Wang, Mengyi

AU - Wang, Bu

AU - Krishnan, N. M.Anoop

AU - Yu, Yingtian

AU - Smedskjaer, Morten M.

AU - Mauro, John C.

AU - Sant, Gaurav

AU - Bauchy, Mathieu

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AB - Various commercial glasses are strengthened via ion exchange at their surface, wherein small alkali ions from the glass are replaced by larger ones from a surrounding molten salt bath, thereby inducing the formation of a compressive stress layer. However, the level of stress induced by ion exchange is typically significantly lower than its theoretical limit (so-called network dilation anomaly). Here, based on molecular dynamics simulations of sodium aluminosilicate glasses, we assess the influence of network connectivity on stress development upon ion exchange. We show that, similarly to thermal expansion, the propensity for ion exchange-induced expansion is controlled by the connectivity of the network. This suggests that tuning the network connectivity may lead to the development of higher compressive stress upon ion exchange and, thereby, to stronger glasses.

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