Ionic gradients at an electrode above the equilibrium limit current. 1. Concentration and charge gradients in an immobile electrolyte

Jonathan J. Van Tassel, Clive A. Randall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The charge and ionic concentration gradients next to an electrode where one member of a simple binary electrolyte is consumed is analyzed. It is shown that the thickness, profile, and formation time for a concentration gradient at the electrode can be expressed as a function of bulk voltage gradient and diffusivity of the consumed ion. When the concentration at the electrode approaches zero, this concentration gradient will move away from the electrode, becoming an equilibrium profile moving gradient layer, which moves away from the electrode at the speed of the counter ions in the bulk solution. The moving gradient layer will be followed by a thin, constant thickness transition layer and a growing unbalanced charge conduction layer. Conduction through this unbalanced charge layer will be by migration of a very low concentration of the consumed ion in the almost complete absence of the counterion. This layer is characterized by very high voltage gradients, high power dissipation (i.e., heating), and high stress gradients in the solvent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3341-3348
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume111
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2007

Fingerprint

Electrolytes
electrolytes
gradients
Electrodes
electrodes
Ions
Radiation counters
Electric potential
Energy dissipation
conduction
ions
transition layers
Heating
profiles
diffusivity
low concentrations
high voltages
counters
dissipation
heating

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

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Ionic gradients at an electrode above the equilibrium limit current. 1. Concentration and charge gradients in an immobile electrolyte. / Van Tassel, Jonathan J.; Randall, Clive A.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 111, No. 8, 01.03.2007, p. 3341-3348.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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