A Gaussian approximation potential was trained using density-functional theory data to enable a global geometry optimization of low-index rutile IrO2 facets through simulated annealing. Ab initio thermodynamics identifies (101) and (111) (1×1) terminations competitive with (110) in reducing environments. Experiments on single crystals find that (101) facets dominate and exhibit the theoretically predicted (1×1) periodicity and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy core-level shifts. The obtained structures are analogous to the complexions discussed in the context of ceramic battery materials.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)