Ironies of democracy: Purposes of education and the construction of citizens in Sweden, India and the United States

Dana L. Mitra, Ulrika Bergmark, Catrine Kostenius, Kristina Brezicha, R. Maithreyi, Stephanie C. Serriere

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

With relatively few comparative studies of civics curricula in diverse democratic contexts and world regions, this article considers how civic values are negotiated in national curricular policy texts. To explore the purposes of education and the construction of citizens in curricular documents, we layer two theoretical frameworks together - Biesta’s framework examining the purposes of education and Westheimer and Kahne’s framework examining the types of civic education. Looking at curricular frameworks from Sweden, India and the United States, we engaged qualitative content analysis to identify common themes of civic values across these nations: workforce preparation, positioning in society and democratic questioning. We found growing commonality of how ‘citizenry’ is increasingly being defined in terms of individual contributions to the larger enterprises of the nation and the global economy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)191-210
Number of pages20
JournalCitizenship Teaching and Learning
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Sciences(all)

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