Diabetes mellitus is associated with adverse outcomes in patients with cardiovascular diseases, including heart failure. Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are increasingly used as life-saving therapy for advanced heart failure. The effects of pre-LVAD diabetes on long-term outcomes after LVAD implantation are not well understood. In this study, we retrospectively evaluated the effect of existing diabetes on post-LVAD outcomes. Data on 288 LVAD recipients from 2006 through 2013 were reviewed. Patients were stratified in accordance with their histories of diabetes. Baseline demographic, laboratory, hemodynamic, and echocardiographic information before LVAD placement were reviewed, together with the post-LVAD incidence of major adverse outcomes. Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression analysis were performed. Our cohort comprised 122 patients with diabetes and 166 patients without. The mean glycosylated hemoglobin A1c level in the diabetes group was 7.4% ± 1.6%. Diabetic patients at baseline had a more adverse medical profile than did nondiabetic patients. There were no differences in major outcomes between the 2 groups other than a higher incidence of hemolysis in the diabetes group: 12 (10%) vs 5 (3%); P=0.02. There was no difference in survival outcomes between the groups. Diabetic patients did not have worse survival or more adverse outcomes than did nondiabetic patients in this study, perhaps because of improved diabetes control, or improvement in biochemical derangements after normalization of cardiac output with LVAD therapy. A diagnosis of diabetes was an independent predictor of hemolysis. Further studies to evaluate the link between hemolysis and diabetes are indicated.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine