Isolation of cDNA for a novel human protein KNP-I that is homologous to the E. coli SCRP-27A protein from the autoimmune polyglandular disease type I (APECED) region of chromosome 21q22.3

Kentaro Nagamine, Jun Kudoh, Shinsei Minoshima, Kazuhiko Kawasaki, Shuichi Asakawa, Fumiaki Ito, Nobuyoshi Shimizu

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We have isolated cDNA clones for a novel human protein KNP-I from fetal brain and bone marrow cDNA libraries. Northern blot analysis indicated that the KNP-I gene is ubiquitously expressed in various human tissues. Significant homology of the KNP-I protein with Escherichia coli anti-sigma cross-reacting protein (SCRP-27A) (44% identity) and zebrafish (Brachydanio rerio) es1 protein (49% identity) suggested that the KNP-I protein may be involved in a basic cellular function. Genomic sequencing revealed that the KNP-I gene consists of seven exons spanning 12 kb. Exon 5 was involved in alternative splicing. The KNP-I gene was mapped between D21S1460 and D21S25 on human chromosome 21q22.3, 26 kb distal to a Not I site of D21S1460. Thus, this novel KNP-I gene could be a candidate gene for autoimmune polyglandular disease type I (APECED) and other disorders mapped to this region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)608-616
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 14 1996


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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