The key regulatory/enzyme in the gluconeogenesis pathway, fructose- 1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase), is induced when Saccharomyces cerevisiae are grown in medium containing a poor carbon source. FBPase is targeted to the yeast vacuole for degradation when glucose-starved cells are replenished with fresh glucose. To identify genes involved in the FBPase degradation pathway, mutants that failed to degrade FBPase in response to glucose were isolated using a colony-blotting procedure. These vacuolar import and degradation-deficient (vid) mutants were placed into 20 complementation groups. They are distinct from the known sec, vps or pep mutants affecting protein secretion, vacuolar sorting and vacuolar proteolysis in that they sort CpY correctly and regulate osmotic pressure normally. Despite the presence of FBPase antigen in these mutants, FBPase is completely inactivated in all vid mutants, indicating that the c-AMP-dependent signal transduction pathway and inactivation must function properly in vid mutants. vid mutants block FBPase degradation by accumulating FBPase in the cytosol and also in small vesicles in the cytoplasm. FBPase may be targeted to small vesicles before uptake by the vacuole.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|State||Published - Sep 11 1996|
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