The crystallization kinetics of pure poly (ε-caprolactone) (PCL) and its blends with bisphenol-A tetramethyl polycarbonate (TMPC) was investigated isothermally as a function of composition and crystallization temperature (Tc) using differential scanning calorimetric (DSC) and polarized optical microscope techniques. Only a single glass-transition temperature, Tg, was determined for each mixture indicating that this binary blend is miscible over the entire range of composition. The composition dependence of the Tg for this blend was well described by Gordon-Taylor equation with k = 1.8 (higher than unity) indicating strong intermolecular interaction between the two polymer components. The presence of a high Tg amorphous component (TMPC) had a strong influence on the crystallization kinetics of PCL in the blends. A substantial decrease in the crystallization kinetics was observed as the concentration of TMPC rose in the blends. The crystallization half-time t0.5 increased monotonically with the crystal lization temperature for all composition. At any crystallization temperature (Tc) the t0.5 of the blends are longer than the corresponding value for pure PCL. This behavior was attributed to the favorable thermodynamics interaction between PCL and TMPC which in turn led to a depression in the equilibrium melting point along with a simultaneous retardation in the crystallization of PC. The isothermal crystallization kinetics was analyzed on the basis of the Avrami equation. Linear behavior was held true for the augmentation of the radii of spherulites with time for all mixtures, regardless of the blend composition. However, the spherulites growth rate decreased exponentially with increasing the concentration of TMPC in the blends.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry