Issues of validity and reliability in the use of real-ideal discrepancy scores to measure self-regard

Dean R. Hoge, John D. McCarthy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Investigated the validity and reliability of real-ideal discrepancy scores as measures of self-regard using 1,965 7th, 9th, and 11th graders. Real self-ratings were superior to real-ideal discrepancy ratings in predicting several measures of global self-esteem (e.g., Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory) and in predicting several measures of teachers' evaluations of the self-attitudes of the Ss. Further, similar-sized discrepancies did not translate into similar levels of self-regard at different points on scales of real self-evaluation, and the more dependent the discrepancy score was made on the real self-score relative to the ideal self-score, the more effective a predictor it was of global self-esteem. Finally, the test-retest correlations were low for a real-ideal discrepancy scale. Researchers are cautioned against the use of such measures. (21 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1048-1055
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 1983

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Self Concept
Reproducibility of Results
self-esteem
rating
Diagnostic Self Evaluation
evaluation
Research Personnel
Equipment and Supplies
teacher

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

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abstract = "Investigated the validity and reliability of real-ideal discrepancy scores as measures of self-regard using 1,965 7th, 9th, and 11th graders. Real self-ratings were superior to real-ideal discrepancy ratings in predicting several measures of global self-esteem (e.g., Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory) and in predicting several measures of teachers' evaluations of the self-attitudes of the Ss. Further, similar-sized discrepancies did not translate into similar levels of self-regard at different points on scales of real self-evaluation, and the more dependent the discrepancy score was made on the real self-score relative to the ideal self-score, the more effective a predictor it was of global self-esteem. Finally, the test-retest correlations were low for a real-ideal discrepancy scale. Researchers are cautioned against the use of such measures. (21 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).",
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Issues of validity and reliability in the use of real-ideal discrepancy scores to measure self-regard. / Hoge, Dean R.; McCarthy, John D.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 44, No. 5, 01.05.1983, p. 1048-1055.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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