It’s More the Exception Rather Than the Rule: African American Families’ Neighborhoods and Youth’s Academic Performance During Middle School

Dawn Paula Witherspoon, Deborah Rivas-Drake, Meeta Banerjee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Neighborhoods are an important part of the social milieu of adolescence and academic performance. Using experiential neighborhood profiles, this study examined risks and assets to determine how neighborhood structural and relational dynamics were associated with academic achievement during early adolescence. The sample included 723 African American socioeconomically diverse families (Myouth age = 12.27 years, SD = 0.55). Results showed that neighborhood structural disadvantage was unrelated to academic achievement, whereas neighborhood profiles were associated with academic performance in eighth grade, after adjusting for seventh grade GPA. Neighborhood profiles characterized by positive social relationships were associated with higher achievement. Authors discuss the importance of examining neighborhood risks and supports for African American youth’s academic adjustment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)562-588
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Black Psychology
Volume44
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anthropology
  • Applied Psychology

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