It's the end of ideology as we know it

Peter K. Hatemi, Lindon Eaves, Rose McDermott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Scholars have long focused on socio-psychological attachment, elite discourse, and rational action to explain the nature and structure of ideologies. Recently genetic and neurobiological influences have also emerged as predictors of ideological preferences. So far however, there has been little synthesis of these findings into the larger discourse on the structures and manifestations of ideology. The few studies which do include genetic sources of information imply that culture is merely a passenger on a genetic foundation. Here, we test this assumption and in doing so offer a foundation for merging social, psychological, rational, and biological theories of attitude formation and structure. Utilizing a genetically informative sample, we find striking differences between the genetic and environmental factor structures of inter-related attitudes that form ideologies. The structure imposed by social influences corresponds to recognized definitions of liberalism and conservatism on a left-right continuum; however, the genetic factor structure combines liberal attitudes toward sex and reproduction with conservative attitudes toward punishment, defense and immigration. That is, the structure imposed on social and political attitudes by the social environment is a cultural veneer laid on a potentially divergent underlying structure of genetic differences. Our findings should encourage a new understanding of ideology that encompasses genetic, individual, and cultural mechanisms that operates in both conflict and concert depending on local and temporal contexts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)345-369
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Theoretical Politics
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012

Fingerprint

ideology
heredity
Ideologies
attitude towards sex
attitude formation
social attitude
discourse
concert
political attitude
conservatism
liberalism
source of information
environmental factors
penalty
immigration
elite

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Hatemi, Peter K. ; Eaves, Lindon ; McDermott, Rose. / It's the end of ideology as we know it. In: Journal of Theoretical Politics. 2012 ; Vol. 24, No. 3. pp. 345-369.
@article{f1cdabcd7d884e8c9c81917dc01eccb3,
title = "It's the end of ideology as we know it",
abstract = "Scholars have long focused on socio-psychological attachment, elite discourse, and rational action to explain the nature and structure of ideologies. Recently genetic and neurobiological influences have also emerged as predictors of ideological preferences. So far however, there has been little synthesis of these findings into the larger discourse on the structures and manifestations of ideology. The few studies which do include genetic sources of information imply that culture is merely a passenger on a genetic foundation. Here, we test this assumption and in doing so offer a foundation for merging social, psychological, rational, and biological theories of attitude formation and structure. Utilizing a genetically informative sample, we find striking differences between the genetic and environmental factor structures of inter-related attitudes that form ideologies. The structure imposed by social influences corresponds to recognized definitions of liberalism and conservatism on a left-right continuum; however, the genetic factor structure combines liberal attitudes toward sex and reproduction with conservative attitudes toward punishment, defense and immigration. That is, the structure imposed on social and political attitudes by the social environment is a cultural veneer laid on a potentially divergent underlying structure of genetic differences. Our findings should encourage a new understanding of ideology that encompasses genetic, individual, and cultural mechanisms that operates in both conflict and concert depending on local and temporal contexts.",
author = "Hatemi, {Peter K.} and Lindon Eaves and Rose McDermott",
year = "2012",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0951629812437749",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "24",
pages = "345--369",
journal = "Journal of Theoretical Politics",
issn = "0951-6298",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "3",

}

It's the end of ideology as we know it. / Hatemi, Peter K.; Eaves, Lindon; McDermott, Rose.

In: Journal of Theoretical Politics, Vol. 24, No. 3, 01.07.2012, p. 345-369.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - It's the end of ideology as we know it

AU - Hatemi, Peter K.

AU - Eaves, Lindon

AU - McDermott, Rose

PY - 2012/7/1

Y1 - 2012/7/1

N2 - Scholars have long focused on socio-psychological attachment, elite discourse, and rational action to explain the nature and structure of ideologies. Recently genetic and neurobiological influences have also emerged as predictors of ideological preferences. So far however, there has been little synthesis of these findings into the larger discourse on the structures and manifestations of ideology. The few studies which do include genetic sources of information imply that culture is merely a passenger on a genetic foundation. Here, we test this assumption and in doing so offer a foundation for merging social, psychological, rational, and biological theories of attitude formation and structure. Utilizing a genetically informative sample, we find striking differences between the genetic and environmental factor structures of inter-related attitudes that form ideologies. The structure imposed by social influences corresponds to recognized definitions of liberalism and conservatism on a left-right continuum; however, the genetic factor structure combines liberal attitudes toward sex and reproduction with conservative attitudes toward punishment, defense and immigration. That is, the structure imposed on social and political attitudes by the social environment is a cultural veneer laid on a potentially divergent underlying structure of genetic differences. Our findings should encourage a new understanding of ideology that encompasses genetic, individual, and cultural mechanisms that operates in both conflict and concert depending on local and temporal contexts.

AB - Scholars have long focused on socio-psychological attachment, elite discourse, and rational action to explain the nature and structure of ideologies. Recently genetic and neurobiological influences have also emerged as predictors of ideological preferences. So far however, there has been little synthesis of these findings into the larger discourse on the structures and manifestations of ideology. The few studies which do include genetic sources of information imply that culture is merely a passenger on a genetic foundation. Here, we test this assumption and in doing so offer a foundation for merging social, psychological, rational, and biological theories of attitude formation and structure. Utilizing a genetically informative sample, we find striking differences between the genetic and environmental factor structures of inter-related attitudes that form ideologies. The structure imposed by social influences corresponds to recognized definitions of liberalism and conservatism on a left-right continuum; however, the genetic factor structure combines liberal attitudes toward sex and reproduction with conservative attitudes toward punishment, defense and immigration. That is, the structure imposed on social and political attitudes by the social environment is a cultural veneer laid on a potentially divergent underlying structure of genetic differences. Our findings should encourage a new understanding of ideology that encompasses genetic, individual, and cultural mechanisms that operates in both conflict and concert depending on local and temporal contexts.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84862616721&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84862616721&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0951629812437749

DO - 10.1177/0951629812437749

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84862616721

VL - 24

SP - 345

EP - 369

JO - Journal of Theoretical Politics

JF - Journal of Theoretical Politics

SN - 0951-6298

IS - 3

ER -