IZAPA'S INDUSTRIAL HINTERLAND: The EASTERN SOCONUSCO MANGROVE ZONE during ARCHAIC and FORMATIVE TIMES

Hector Neff, Paul H. Burger, Brendan James Culleton, Douglas James Kennett, John G. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Archaeological survey and excavations in the mangrove-estuary zone south of Izapa have generated an understanding of how the environment and human exploitation patterns changed during the Archaic and Formative periods. Archaic-period archaeological remains are not present, but the sedimentary record shows that Archaic people were clearing the coastal-plain forest for agricultural purposes. This activity augmented delivery of sediments to the littoral zone, which expanded the mangrove forest and created a productive environment that could be colonized by Early Formative villagers by around 1600 cal b.c. Population growth during the Early Formative created conditions that favored emergence of specialized pyro-industries, especially salt production, by around 1000 cal b.c. Production intensity increased thereafter, especially during the Late Formative period, coincident with the apogee of Izapa. Salt production became more episodic during the Terminal Formative period, when interior populations were declining to a nadir after cal a.d. 250.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)395-411
Number of pages17
JournalAncient Mesoamerica
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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