Jet breaks in short gamma-ray bursts. I. The uncollimated afterglow of GRB 050724

Dirk Grupe, David N. Burrows, Sandeep K. Patel, Chryssa Kouveliotuo, Bing Zhang, Peter Mészáros, Ralph A.M. Wijers, Neil Gehrels

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Abstract

We report the results of the Chandra observations of the Swift-discovered short gamma-ray burst GRB 050724. Chandra observed this burst twice, about 2 days after the burst and a second time 3 weeks later. The first Chandra pointing occurred at the end of a strong late-time flare. About 150 photons were detected during this 49.3 ks observation in the 0.4-10.0 keV range. The spectral fit is in good agreement with spectral analysis of earlier Swift XRT data. In the second Chandra pointing the afterglow was clearly detected with eight background-subtracted photons in 44.6 ks. From the combined Swift XRT and Chandra-ACIS-S light curve we find significant flaring superposed on an underlying power-law decay slope of a = 0.98-0.09+0.11 There is no evidence for a break between about 1 ks after the burst and the last Chandra pointing about 3 weeks after the burst. The nondetection of a jet break places a lower limit of 25° on the jet opening angle, indicating that the outflow is less strongly collimated than most previously reported long GRBs. This implies that the beaming corrected energy of GRB 050724 is at least 4 × 1049 ergs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)462-467
Number of pages6
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume653
Issue number1 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 10 2006

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afterglows
gamma ray bursts
bursts
erg
spectral analysis
power law
outflow
photons
flares
light curve
spectrum analysis
energy
slopes
decay
flaring

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Grupe, D., Burrows, D. N., Patel, S. K., Kouveliotuo, C., Zhang, B., Mészáros, P., ... Gehrels, N. (2006). Jet breaks in short gamma-ray bursts. I. The uncollimated afterglow of GRB 050724. Astrophysical Journal, 653(1 I), 462-467. https://doi.org/10.1086/508739
Grupe, Dirk ; Burrows, David N. ; Patel, Sandeep K. ; Kouveliotuo, Chryssa ; Zhang, Bing ; Mészáros, Peter ; Wijers, Ralph A.M. ; Gehrels, Neil. / Jet breaks in short gamma-ray bursts. I. The uncollimated afterglow of GRB 050724. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2006 ; Vol. 653, No. 1 I. pp. 462-467.
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Grupe, D, Burrows, DN, Patel, SK, Kouveliotuo, C, Zhang, B, Mészáros, P, Wijers, RAM & Gehrels, N 2006, 'Jet breaks in short gamma-ray bursts. I. The uncollimated afterglow of GRB 050724', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 653, no. 1 I, pp. 462-467. https://doi.org/10.1086/508739

Jet breaks in short gamma-ray bursts. I. The uncollimated afterglow of GRB 050724. / Grupe, Dirk; Burrows, David N.; Patel, Sandeep K.; Kouveliotuo, Chryssa; Zhang, Bing; Mészáros, Peter; Wijers, Ralph A.M.; Gehrels, Neil.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 653, No. 1 I, 10.12.2006, p. 462-467.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kouveliotuo, Chryssa

AU - Zhang, Bing

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N2 - We report the results of the Chandra observations of the Swift-discovered short gamma-ray burst GRB 050724. Chandra observed this burst twice, about 2 days after the burst and a second time 3 weeks later. The first Chandra pointing occurred at the end of a strong late-time flare. About 150 photons were detected during this 49.3 ks observation in the 0.4-10.0 keV range. The spectral fit is in good agreement with spectral analysis of earlier Swift XRT data. In the second Chandra pointing the afterglow was clearly detected with eight background-subtracted photons in 44.6 ks. From the combined Swift XRT and Chandra-ACIS-S light curve we find significant flaring superposed on an underlying power-law decay slope of a = 0.98-0.09+0.11 There is no evidence for a break between about 1 ks after the burst and the last Chandra pointing about 3 weeks after the burst. The nondetection of a jet break places a lower limit of 25° on the jet opening angle, indicating that the outflow is less strongly collimated than most previously reported long GRBs. This implies that the beaming corrected energy of GRB 050724 is at least 4 × 1049 ergs.

AB - We report the results of the Chandra observations of the Swift-discovered short gamma-ray burst GRB 050724. Chandra observed this burst twice, about 2 days after the burst and a second time 3 weeks later. The first Chandra pointing occurred at the end of a strong late-time flare. About 150 photons were detected during this 49.3 ks observation in the 0.4-10.0 keV range. The spectral fit is in good agreement with spectral analysis of earlier Swift XRT data. In the second Chandra pointing the afterglow was clearly detected with eight background-subtracted photons in 44.6 ks. From the combined Swift XRT and Chandra-ACIS-S light curve we find significant flaring superposed on an underlying power-law decay slope of a = 0.98-0.09+0.11 There is no evidence for a break between about 1 ks after the burst and the last Chandra pointing about 3 weeks after the burst. The nondetection of a jet break places a lower limit of 25° on the jet opening angle, indicating that the outflow is less strongly collimated than most previously reported long GRBs. This implies that the beaming corrected energy of GRB 050724 is at least 4 × 1049 ergs.

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Grupe D, Burrows DN, Patel SK, Kouveliotuo C, Zhang B, Mészáros P et al. Jet breaks in short gamma-ray bursts. I. The uncollimated afterglow of GRB 050724. Astrophysical Journal. 2006 Dec 10;653(1 I):462-467. https://doi.org/10.1086/508739