A common joint source-channel (JSC) decoder structure for predictively encoded sources involves first forming a JSC decoding estimate of the prediction residual and then feeding this estimate to a standard predictive decoding (synthesis) filter. In this paper, we demonstrate that in a JSC decoding context, use of this standard filter is suboptimal. In place of the standard filter, we choose the synthesis filter coefficients to give a least-squares (LS) estimate of the original source, based on given training data. For first-order differential pulse-code modulation, this yields as much as 0.65-dB gain in reconstructing first-order Gauss-Markov sources. More gains are achieved with modest additional complexity by increasing the filter order. While performance can also be enhanced by increasing the source's Markov model order and/or the decoder's lookup table memory, complexity grows exponentially in these parameters. For both predictive and non-predictive coding, our LS approach offers a strategy for increasing the estimation accuracy of JSC decoders while retaining manageable complexity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering