K giants in 47 tucanae: Detection of a new class of variable stars

Peter D. Edmonds, Ronald L. Gilliland

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Abstract

We report the discovery of variability among K giants in the globular cluster 47 Tucanae, using a time series of U exposures with the Hubble Space Telescope. The variables lie along a narrow band in the color-magnitude diagram, joining the faint end of the asymptotic giant branch to the red giant branch. The variations, if coherent, mostly have periods between ∼2 and ∼4 days, consistent with low-overtone radial pulsation or nonradial pulsation, and V amplitudes in the range 5-15 mmag, which explains their nondetection so far in clusters. One of the variables may have a period of 1.1 days and a V amplitude of 5.3 mmag. These stars define a new class of variable stars and probably contain variable field K giants such as α Boo as members. An understanding of their variations may have significant ramifications for theories of stellar structure and stellar evolution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L157-L160
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume464
Issue number2 PART II
StatePublished - Jun 20 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Edmonds, P. D., & Gilliland, R. L. (1996). K giants in 47 tucanae: Detection of a new class of variable stars. Astrophysical Journal, 464(2 PART II), L157-L160.