K2-231 b: A Sub-Neptune Exoplanet Transiting a Solar Twin in Ruprecht 147

Jason Lee Curtis, Andrew Vanderburg, Guillermo Torres, Adam L. Kraus, Daniel Huber, Andrew W. Mann, Aaron C. Rizzuto, Howard Isaacson, Andrew W. Howard, Christopher E. Henze, Benjamin J. Fulton, Jason T. Wright

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17 Scopus citations

Abstract

We identify a sub-Neptune exoplanet (R p = 2.5 ± 0.2 ) transiting a solar twin in the Ruprecht 147 star cluster (3 Gyr, 300 pc, [Fe/H] = +0.1 dex). The ∼81 day light curve for EPIC 219800881 (V = 12.71) from K2 Campaign 7 shows six transits with a period of 13.84 days, a depth of ∼0.06%, and a duration of ∼4 hr. Based on our analysis of high-resolution MIKE spectra, broadband optical and NIR photometry, the cluster parallax and interstellar reddening, and isochrone models from PARSEC, Dartmouth, and MIST, we estimate the following properties for the host star: M = 1.01 ± 0.03 , R = 0.95 ± 0.03 , and = 5695 ± 50 K. This star appears to be single based on our modeling of the photometry, the low radial velocity (RV) variability measured over nearly 10 yr, and Keck/NIRC2 adaptive optics imaging and aperture-masking interferometry. Applying a probabilistic mass-radius relation, we estimate that the mass of this planet is M p = 7 + 5 - 3 , which would cause an RV semi-amplitude of K = 2 ± 1 that may be measurable with existing precise RV facilities. After statistically validating this planet with BLENDER, we now designate it K2-231b, making it the second substellar object to be discovered in Ruprecht 147 and the first planet; it joins the small but growing ranks of 22 other planets and three candidates found in open clusters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number173
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume155
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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