Ka-mi-kae-kyuk-tang oriental herbal cocktail attenuates cyclophosphamide-induced leukopenia side effects in mouse

Inweon Seo, Seung Hyung Kim, Jeong Eun Lee, Soo Jin Jeong, Young Chul Kim, Kyoo Seok Ahn, Junxuan Lu, Sung Hoon Kim

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Abstract

Ka-mi-kae-kyuk-tang (KMKKT) is an Oriental herbal medicinal cocktail and has been shown to have potent antiangiogenic, anticancer, and antimetastatic activities in preclinical animal models without observable side effects. We previously found that in prostate cancer xenograft experiments, treating tumor-bearing mice with KMKKT alleviated the body weight loss toward the end of the study, suggesting a general health-promoting activity. We investigated whether KMKKT alleviated cancer chemotherapy drug-induced leukopenia and other hematotoxicity in vivo using a mouse model. KMKKT was given once daily orally for 10 days to the mice before they were given cyclophosphamide (CPA) daily injection for 4 days. KMKKT blunted CPA-induced decrease in red blood cells, hemoglobin content, and the total white blood cell/leukocyte counts. Examination of the multiple organ sites involved in hematopoiesis, and lymphocyte differentiation and maturation showed the attenuated changes induced by CPA in each and every type of cells examined. Particularly, some of the cell types are fully restored in the bone marrow and even overstimulated in the Sca-1 +, CD117 +, or Sca1 +/CD117 + and CD34 +/CD117 + stem cells, supporting a role of KMKKT to stimulate hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) signaling to compensate for CPA-induced destruction of leukocytes and other cell types. Taken together, KMKKT might be a safe and effective herbal complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) modality to alleviate cancer drug-induced hematological side effects in addition to its anticancer activities. Preclinical investigations with other chemo- and radiation modalities are warranted to support planning translation consideration for human patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)682-690
Number of pages9
JournalImmunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2011

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology

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