Kepler mission: A mission to find earth-size planets in the habitable zone

William J. Borucki, David Koch, Gibor Basri, Timothy Brown, Douglas Caldwell, Edna DeVore, Edward Dunham, Thomas Gautier, John Geary, Ronald Lynn Gilliland, Alan Gould, Steve Howell, Jon Jenkins

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Kepler Mission is a NASA Discovery-class mission designed to continuously monitor the brightness of 100,000 main sequence stars to detect the transit of Earth-size and larger planets. It is a wide field of view photometer with a Schmidt-type telescope and an array of 42 CCDs covering the 100 sq. degree field-of-view (FOV). It has a 0.95 m aperture and a 1.4 m primary and is designed to attain a photometric precision of 20 parts per million (ppm) for 12th magnitude solar-like stars for a 6.5-hour transit duration. It will continuously observe 100,000 main sequence stars from 9th to 15th magnitude in the Cygnus constellation for a period of four years with a cadence of 4 measurements per hour. The photometer is scheduled to be launched in 2007 into heliocentric orbit. A ground-based program to classify all 450,000 stars brighter than 15th magnitude in the FOV and to conduct a detailed examination of a subset of the stars that show planetary companions is also planned. Hundreds of Earth-size planets should be detected if they are common around solar-like stars. Ground-based spectrometric observations of those stars with planetary companions will be made to determine the dependences of the frequency and size of terrestrial planets on stellar characteristics such as type and metallicity. A null result would imply that terrestrial planets are rare.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-82
Number of pages14
JournalEuropean Space Agency, (Special Publication) ESA SP
Issue number539
StatePublished - Apr 1 2003
EventProceedings of the Conference - Towards Other Earths: DARWIN/TPF and the Search for Extrasolar Terrestrial Planets - Heidelberg, Germany
Duration: Apr 22 2003Apr 25 2003

Fingerprint

Kepler mission
Planets
Stars
planets
planet
field of view
Earth (planet)
stars
photometer
terrestrial planets
main sequence stars
transit
Cygnus constellation
Photometers
photometers
solar orbits
set theory
metallicity
charge coupled devices
brightness

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Borucki, W. J., Koch, D., Basri, G., Brown, T., Caldwell, D., DeVore, E., ... Jenkins, J. (2003). Kepler mission: A mission to find earth-size planets in the habitable zone. European Space Agency, (Special Publication) ESA SP, (539), 69-82.
Borucki, William J. ; Koch, David ; Basri, Gibor ; Brown, Timothy ; Caldwell, Douglas ; DeVore, Edna ; Dunham, Edward ; Gautier, Thomas ; Geary, John ; Gilliland, Ronald Lynn ; Gould, Alan ; Howell, Steve ; Jenkins, Jon. / Kepler mission : A mission to find earth-size planets in the habitable zone. In: European Space Agency, (Special Publication) ESA SP. 2003 ; No. 539. pp. 69-82.
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abstract = "The Kepler Mission is a NASA Discovery-class mission designed to continuously monitor the brightness of 100,000 main sequence stars to detect the transit of Earth-size and larger planets. It is a wide field of view photometer with a Schmidt-type telescope and an array of 42 CCDs covering the 100 sq. degree field-of-view (FOV). It has a 0.95 m aperture and a 1.4 m primary and is designed to attain a photometric precision of 20 parts per million (ppm) for 12th magnitude solar-like stars for a 6.5-hour transit duration. It will continuously observe 100,000 main sequence stars from 9th to 15th magnitude in the Cygnus constellation for a period of four years with a cadence of 4 measurements per hour. The photometer is scheduled to be launched in 2007 into heliocentric orbit. A ground-based program to classify all 450,000 stars brighter than 15th magnitude in the FOV and to conduct a detailed examination of a subset of the stars that show planetary companions is also planned. Hundreds of Earth-size planets should be detected if they are common around solar-like stars. Ground-based spectrometric observations of those stars with planetary companions will be made to determine the dependences of the frequency and size of terrestrial planets on stellar characteristics such as type and metallicity. A null result would imply that terrestrial planets are rare.",
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Borucki, WJ, Koch, D, Basri, G, Brown, T, Caldwell, D, DeVore, E, Dunham, E, Gautier, T, Geary, J, Gilliland, RL, Gould, A, Howell, S & Jenkins, J 2003, 'Kepler mission: A mission to find earth-size planets in the habitable zone', European Space Agency, (Special Publication) ESA SP, no. 539, pp. 69-82.

Kepler mission : A mission to find earth-size planets in the habitable zone. / Borucki, William J.; Koch, David; Basri, Gibor; Brown, Timothy; Caldwell, Douglas; DeVore, Edna; Dunham, Edward; Gautier, Thomas; Geary, John; Gilliland, Ronald Lynn; Gould, Alan; Howell, Steve; Jenkins, Jon.

In: European Space Agency, (Special Publication) ESA SP, No. 539, 01.04.2003, p. 69-82.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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T2 - A mission to find earth-size planets in the habitable zone

AU - Borucki, William J.

AU - Koch, David

AU - Basri, Gibor

AU - Brown, Timothy

AU - Caldwell, Douglas

AU - DeVore, Edna

AU - Dunham, Edward

AU - Gautier, Thomas

AU - Geary, John

AU - Gilliland, Ronald Lynn

AU - Gould, Alan

AU - Howell, Steve

AU - Jenkins, Jon

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N2 - The Kepler Mission is a NASA Discovery-class mission designed to continuously monitor the brightness of 100,000 main sequence stars to detect the transit of Earth-size and larger planets. It is a wide field of view photometer with a Schmidt-type telescope and an array of 42 CCDs covering the 100 sq. degree field-of-view (FOV). It has a 0.95 m aperture and a 1.4 m primary and is designed to attain a photometric precision of 20 parts per million (ppm) for 12th magnitude solar-like stars for a 6.5-hour transit duration. It will continuously observe 100,000 main sequence stars from 9th to 15th magnitude in the Cygnus constellation for a period of four years with a cadence of 4 measurements per hour. The photometer is scheduled to be launched in 2007 into heliocentric orbit. A ground-based program to classify all 450,000 stars brighter than 15th magnitude in the FOV and to conduct a detailed examination of a subset of the stars that show planetary companions is also planned. Hundreds of Earth-size planets should be detected if they are common around solar-like stars. Ground-based spectrometric observations of those stars with planetary companions will be made to determine the dependences of the frequency and size of terrestrial planets on stellar characteristics such as type and metallicity. A null result would imply that terrestrial planets are rare.

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Borucki WJ, Koch D, Basri G, Brown T, Caldwell D, DeVore E et al. Kepler mission: A mission to find earth-size planets in the habitable zone. European Space Agency, (Special Publication) ESA SP. 2003 Apr 1;(539):69-82.