Keratin 10 gene expression during differentiation of mouse epidermis requires transcription factors C/EBP and AP-2

Edward V. Maytin, Julia C. Lin, Ramachandran Krishnamurthy, Nikoleta Batchvarova, David Ron, Pamela J. Mitchell, Joel F. Habener

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

80 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The epidermis forms a vital barrier composed of stratified keratinocytes and their differentiated products. One of these products, keratin K10, is critical to epidermal integrity, because mutations in k10 lead to abnormal blistering. For the normal expression of k10, differentiation-associated transcription factors C/EBPα, C/EBPβ, and AP-2 are well positioned to play an important role. Here, regulation of the k10 gene is examined in keratinocytes in the skin of normal mice and in transgenic mice carrying targeted deletions of c/ebpβ and ap-2α. In cultured cells, C/EBPα and C/EBPβ are each capable of activating the k10 promoter via three binding sites, identified by site-directed mutagenesis. In a given epidermal cell in vivo, however, the selection of C/EBPα versus C/EBPβ for k10 regulation is determined via a third transcription factor, AP-2. This novel regulatory scheme involves: (1) unique gradients of expression for each transcription factor, i.e., C/EBPβ and AP-2 most abundant in the lower epidermis, C/EBPα in the upper; (2) C/EBP-binding sites in the ap-2α gene promoter, through which C/EBPβ stimulates ap-2α; and (3) AP-2 binding sites in the c/ebpα promoter, through which AP-2 represses c/ebpα. Promoter-analysis and gene- expression data presented herein support a regulatory model in which C/EBPβ activates and maintains AP-2 expression in basal keratinocytes, whereas AP-2 represses C/EBPα in those cells. In response to differentiation signals, loss of AP-2 expression leads to derepression of the c/ebpα promoter and activation of k10 as cells migrate upward.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)164-181
Number of pages18
JournalDevelopmental biology
Volume216
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999

Fingerprint

Keratin-10
Keratinocytes
Epidermis
Transcription Factors
Binding Sites
Gene Expression
Transcription Factor AP-2
Keratins
Site-Directed Mutagenesis
Transgenic Mice
Genes
Cultured Cells
Skin
Mutation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Maytin, E. V., Lin, J. C., Krishnamurthy, R., Batchvarova, N., Ron, D., Mitchell, P. J., & Habener, J. F. (1999). Keratin 10 gene expression during differentiation of mouse epidermis requires transcription factors C/EBP and AP-2. Developmental biology, 216(1), 164-181. https://doi.org/10.1006/dbio.1999.9460
Maytin, Edward V. ; Lin, Julia C. ; Krishnamurthy, Ramachandran ; Batchvarova, Nikoleta ; Ron, David ; Mitchell, Pamela J. ; Habener, Joel F. / Keratin 10 gene expression during differentiation of mouse epidermis requires transcription factors C/EBP and AP-2. In: Developmental biology. 1999 ; Vol. 216, No. 1. pp. 164-181.
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Maytin, EV, Lin, JC, Krishnamurthy, R, Batchvarova, N, Ron, D, Mitchell, PJ & Habener, JF 1999, 'Keratin 10 gene expression during differentiation of mouse epidermis requires transcription factors C/EBP and AP-2', Developmental biology, vol. 216, no. 1, pp. 164-181. https://doi.org/10.1006/dbio.1999.9460

Keratin 10 gene expression during differentiation of mouse epidermis requires transcription factors C/EBP and AP-2. / Maytin, Edward V.; Lin, Julia C.; Krishnamurthy, Ramachandran; Batchvarova, Nikoleta; Ron, David; Mitchell, Pamela J.; Habener, Joel F.

In: Developmental biology, Vol. 216, No. 1, 01.12.1999, p. 164-181.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Keratin 10 gene expression during differentiation of mouse epidermis requires transcription factors C/EBP and AP-2

AU - Maytin, Edward V.

AU - Lin, Julia C.

AU - Krishnamurthy, Ramachandran

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AU - Ron, David

AU - Mitchell, Pamela J.

AU - Habener, Joel F.

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N2 - The epidermis forms a vital barrier composed of stratified keratinocytes and their differentiated products. One of these products, keratin K10, is critical to epidermal integrity, because mutations in k10 lead to abnormal blistering. For the normal expression of k10, differentiation-associated transcription factors C/EBPα, C/EBPβ, and AP-2 are well positioned to play an important role. Here, regulation of the k10 gene is examined in keratinocytes in the skin of normal mice and in transgenic mice carrying targeted deletions of c/ebpβ and ap-2α. In cultured cells, C/EBPα and C/EBPβ are each capable of activating the k10 promoter via three binding sites, identified by site-directed mutagenesis. In a given epidermal cell in vivo, however, the selection of C/EBPα versus C/EBPβ for k10 regulation is determined via a third transcription factor, AP-2. This novel regulatory scheme involves: (1) unique gradients of expression for each transcription factor, i.e., C/EBPβ and AP-2 most abundant in the lower epidermis, C/EBPα in the upper; (2) C/EBP-binding sites in the ap-2α gene promoter, through which C/EBPβ stimulates ap-2α; and (3) AP-2 binding sites in the c/ebpα promoter, through which AP-2 represses c/ebpα. Promoter-analysis and gene- expression data presented herein support a regulatory model in which C/EBPβ activates and maintains AP-2 expression in basal keratinocytes, whereas AP-2 represses C/EBPα in those cells. In response to differentiation signals, loss of AP-2 expression leads to derepression of the c/ebpα promoter and activation of k10 as cells migrate upward.

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