Kinematic mass measurements of inner and outer spiral disks

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We have been using planetary nebulae (PNe) to probe the kinematic structure of face-on spiral disks by identifying large (∼100) samples of these objects via narrow-band imaging, and then measuring their radial velocities with follow-up, high-precision (∼5 km s -1) spectroscopy. Our results for IC 342, M74, M83, M94, and M101 are quite interesting. With one exception (M101) the z-velocity dispersion (σ z) of galactic disks declines exponentially with the light out to ∼3 disk scale lengths. This is as expected for a constant M/L, constant scale height disk. However, in two galaxies with significant data past this radius, the values of σ z asymptote out at ∼20 km s -1. Moreover, our analysis finds kinematic evidence for significant flaring in the outer regions as well, especially in M94. These observations are in excellent agreement with predictions derived from models of disk accretion of subhalos, and demonstrate how kinematic surveys in the outer disks of spirals can be used to test hierarchical models of galaxy formation. We also find that the disks of late-type galaxies are far from maximal, that the disks of early-type spirals have higher M/L ratios than the disks of later-type objects, and that the unseen inner halos of spiral galaxies are better fit by pseudo-isothermal laws than by NFW models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHunting for the Dark
Subtitle of host publicationThe Hidden Side of Galaxy Formation - Proceedings of the International Conference
Pages371-374
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 23 2010
EventInternational Conference "Hunting for the Dark: The Hidden Side of Galaxy Formation" - Qawra, Malta
Duration: Oct 19 2009Oct 23 2009

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1240
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

OtherInternational Conference "Hunting for the Dark: The Hidden Side of Galaxy Formation"
CountryMalta
CityQawra
Period10/19/0910/23/09

Fingerprint

kinematics
galaxies
asymptotes
scale height
planetary nebulae
galactic evolution
spiral galaxies
accretion disks
radial velocity
narrowband
halos
radii
probes
predictions
spectroscopy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Herrmann, K. A., & Ciardullo, R. (2010). Kinematic mass measurements of inner and outer spiral disks. In Hunting for the Dark: The Hidden Side of Galaxy Formation - Proceedings of the International Conference (pp. 371-374). (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1240). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3458537
Herrmann, Kimberly A. ; Ciardullo, Robin. / Kinematic mass measurements of inner and outer spiral disks. Hunting for the Dark: The Hidden Side of Galaxy Formation - Proceedings of the International Conference. 2010. pp. 371-374 (AIP Conference Proceedings).
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Herrmann, KA & Ciardullo, R 2010, Kinematic mass measurements of inner and outer spiral disks. in Hunting for the Dark: The Hidden Side of Galaxy Formation - Proceedings of the International Conference. AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1240, pp. 371-374, International Conference "Hunting for the Dark: The Hidden Side of Galaxy Formation", Qawra, Malta, 10/19/09. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3458537

Kinematic mass measurements of inner and outer spiral disks. / Herrmann, Kimberly A.; Ciardullo, Robin.

Hunting for the Dark: The Hidden Side of Galaxy Formation - Proceedings of the International Conference. 2010. p. 371-374 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1240).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Herrmann KA, Ciardullo R. Kinematic mass measurements of inner and outer spiral disks. In Hunting for the Dark: The Hidden Side of Galaxy Formation - Proceedings of the International Conference. 2010. p. 371-374. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3458537