Kinetic analysis of combustion synthesis of lead magnesium niobate from metal carboxylate gels

Yeshwanth Narendar, Gary Lynn Messing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A combustion synthesis route was developed for direct crystallization of perovskite lead magnesium niobate (PMN) from metal carboxylate gels. Direct PMN formation is attributed to a homogeneous cation distribution in the gel and the rapid heating during exothermic gel decomposition in oxidizing atmospheres. The maximum bed temperature and gel decomposition rate are determined by the combined influence of chemical kinetics, heat, and mass transfer. It is shown that there is a temperature window between 700° and 750°C which favors direct PMN formation, whereas pyrochlore formation is favored below 650°C and PbO volatilization occurs above 800°C. The effects of kinetic and transport parameters including oxygen partial pressure, gas flow rate, and bed geometry on PMN formation are discussed on the basis of a thermal ignition model for heterogeneous reactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)915-924
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume80
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 1997

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Combustion synthesis
Perovskite
Magnesium
Gels
Lead
Metals
Kinetics
Decomposition
Crystallization
Vaporization
Reaction kinetics
Partial pressure
Flow of gases
Ignition
Cations
Mass transfer
Positive ions
Flow rate
Oxygen
Heat transfer

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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Kinetic analysis of combustion synthesis of lead magnesium niobate from metal carboxylate gels. / Narendar, Yeshwanth; Messing, Gary Lynn.

In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 80, No. 4, 01.04.1997, p. 915-924.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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