We oxidized methanol in supercritical water at 246 atm and temperatures between 500 and 589°C. Pseudo-first-order rate constants calculated from the data led to Arrhenius parameters of A = 1021.3±5.3 s-1 and Ea = 78 ± 20 kcal/mol. The induction time for methanol oxidation decreased from 0.54 s at 525 °C to 0.093 s at 585 °C and the reaction products were formaldehyde, CO, and CO2. Formaldehyde was a primary product, while CO and CO2 were secondary products. Formaldehyde was more reactive than methanol and its yield was always less than 24%. The temporal variation of the CO yield exhibited a maximum, whereas the CO2 yield increased monotonically. The experimental data were consistent with a set of consecutive reactions (CH3OH → CH2O → CO → CO2) with pseudo-first-order global kinetics. The experimental data were also used to validate a detailed chemical kinetics model for methanol oxidation in supercritical water. With no adjustments, this elementary reaction model quantitatively predicts the product distribution as a function of the methanol conversion, and it accurately predicts that this distribution is nearly independent of temperature. A sensitivity analysis revealed that only eight elementary reaction steps most strongly influenced the calculated species' concentrations. A reaction path analysis showed that the fastest reactions that consumed methanol involved OH attack and the resulting radicals produced formaldehyde, which was attacked by OH to form, eventually, CO. The CO was then oxidized to CO2 via reaction with OH. This work shows that the chemistry for methanol oxidation in supercritical water at temperatures around 500-600 °C is quantitatively analogous to combustion chemistry within the same temperature range.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry