Kinetics of mineral dissolution

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

183 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The rates of mineral dissolution contribute to processes controlling soil fertility, porosity in aquifers and oil reservoirs, transport and sequestration of contaminants and CO2, cycling of metals and formation of ore deposits, and many other geochemical characteristics and phenomena. For example, the weathering rates of Ca- and Mg-silicates influence the concentrations of CO2 in the atmosphere over 105-106 y timescales, impacting the global carbon cycle. Mineral dissolution thus influences the chemical and physical nature of our landscape as well as the quality and quantity of potable water and fertile soil available to sustain ecosystems. The rates of mineral dissolution (Fig. 5.1) determine the lifetimes of minerals in soil environments. Especially since the 1970s, researchers have focused on measurement of mineral dissolution rates in order to promote quantitative prediction of the evolution of our environment (Stumm, 1997). In this chapter, we discuss many of the concepts and models used to predict mineral dissolution rates for oxide, carbonate, and silicate minerals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationKinetics of Water-Rock Interaction
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages151-210
Number of pages60
ISBN (Print)9780387735627
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

Fingerprint

dissolution
kinetics
mineral
weathering rate
silicate mineral
carbon cycle
soil fertility
ore deposit
soil
silicate
drinking water
porosity
oxide
aquifer
timescale
carbonate
rate
pollutant
atmosphere
ecosystem

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Brantley, S. L. (2008). Kinetics of mineral dissolution. In Kinetics of Water-Rock Interaction (pp. 151-210). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-73563-4_5
Brantley, Susan L. / Kinetics of mineral dissolution. Kinetics of Water-Rock Interaction. Springer New York, 2008. pp. 151-210
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Brantley, SL 2008, Kinetics of mineral dissolution. in Kinetics of Water-Rock Interaction. Springer New York, pp. 151-210. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-73563-4_5

Kinetics of mineral dissolution. / Brantley, Susan L.

Kinetics of Water-Rock Interaction. Springer New York, 2008. p. 151-210.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Brantley SL. Kinetics of mineral dissolution. In Kinetics of Water-Rock Interaction. Springer New York. 2008. p. 151-210 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-73563-4_5