Kinship and nonrelative foster care: The effect of placement type on child well-being

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study uses a national sample of 1,215 children, ages 6-17, who spent some time in formal kinship or nonrelative foster care to identify the effect of placement type on academic achievement, behavior, and health. Several identification strategies are used to reduce selection bias, including ordinary least squares, change score models, propensity score weighting, and instrumental variables regression. The results consistently estimate a negative effect of kin placements on reading scores, but kin placements appear to have no effect on child health, and findings on children's math and cognitive skills test scores and behavioral problems are mixed. Estimated declines in both academic achievement and behavioral problems are concentrated among children who are lower functioning at baseline.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2074-2090
Number of pages17
JournalChild development
Volume85
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

child well-being
Child Welfare
kinship
academic achievement
Propensity Score
Selection Bias
Least-Squares Analysis
Reading
weighting
health
Health
regression
trend
Problem Behavior

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

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Kinship and nonrelative foster care : The effect of placement type on child well-being. / Font, Sarah A.

In: Child development, Vol. 85, No. 5, 01.01.2014, p. 2074-2090.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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