Kratom is a substance similar to opioids that is often used for its euphoric effects, however it can be obtained legally in most of the United States. The substance is often not assessed on routine urine drug screen, however it is estimated that millions of people engage in kratom use each year and level of use is rising. Given the increasing prevalence of kratom use, and its potentially lethal consequences, it is imperative that primary care physicians be familiar with this substance and have a framework to approach identification and treatment of individuals with kratom use disorder. This manuscript offers a review of the epidemiology and pharmacology of kratom, along with guidance for care of individuals with kratom use disorder in the primary care setting.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Clinical Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health