Therapy of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is currently palliative, emphasizing the need for identification of new therapies for this disease. KRN5500 is a novel agent that has a unique sensitivity pattern in the National Cancer Institute cell line screening panel, suggesting a unique mechanism of action. To assess its in vitro activity in CLL, we exposed peripheral mononuclear cells from CLL patients (n = 11) to varying concentrations of this agent. Viability of the CLL cells was reduced by 50% (LC50) at 4 hours, 24 hours, and 4 days at KRN5500 concentrations of 2.50 μM, 0.276 μM, and 0.139 μM, respectively. KRN5500 induced cellular injury via caspase-dependent apoptosis involving the intrinsic mitochondrial (caspase-9) initiating caspase and caspase-3 effector caspase; however, expression of the antiapoptotic mitochondrial membrane protein Bcl-2 was unaffected. These data demonstrate KRN5500 has significant in vitro activity against human CLL cells, thus providing support for introduction of this agent into clinical trials for patients with CLL.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology