The effect of insulin on the in vivo glucose utilization by different hepatic cells was investigated using the euglycemic, hyperinsulinemic clamp, combined with the 2-deoxyglucose tracer technique. Rats were infused with insulin at a rate of 2.8 or 9.0 mU/min/kg for 220 min, resulting in plasma concentrations of the hormone of about 80 μU/ml and 340 μU/ml, respectively. Glucose use by the whole liver was elevated by more than 200 % following insulin. However, glucose uptake by the parenchymal cells was only elevated by 50-60 %. By contrast nonparenchymal cells were more responsive to insulin. Glucose uptake by endothelial cells was increased 100 % and Kupffer cells displayed the most marked response to insulin showing a 3- to 6-fold increase in glucose uptake. These data indicate that the sinusoidal nonparenchymal cells are the major sites of the insulin-mediated increased glucose utilization by the liver.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Jul 15 1992|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology