In laboratory experiments we compared the mortality of Plutella xylostella L. eggs induced by six products of trichogrammatid egg parasitoids. Five of the species were commercially available, and the sixth is under development. Each of the six products represented a single species of trichogrammatid (Trichogrammatoidea bactrae Nagaraja, Trichogramma pretiosum Riley, T. ostriniae Pan and Chen, T. platneri Nagarkatti, T. minutum Riley, or T. brassicae Bezd.), concomitantly with any characteristics inherent with the commercialized culturing of the species (e.g., sex ratio and host upon which they were reared). Host mortality was assessed as the sum of percent parasitism and other direct induced mortality (e.g., host feeding). Three products (T. bactrae, T. pretiosum, and T. minutum) caused the highest mortalities (95 to 98%) of P. xylostella eggs, indicating that the focus of further greenhouse and field studies should be on these products. Inconsistent responses between shipments were observed within most of the products, indicating potential problems with quality control. Two products, T. bactrae and T. pretiosum, demonstrated the highest rates of mortality caused by parasitism of P. xylostella eggs (69 to 72%). Mortality caused by factors other than parasitism was high in two of the products. Two products, T. minutum and T. platneri, demonstrated the highest levels of nonparasitic mortalities (60 to 63%, or nearly two-thirds of the total mortality by each of these products). Important considerations for evaluating host mortality are discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agronomy and Crop Science
- Insect Science