We report the direct observation of Landau quantization in Bi 2Se3 thin films by using a low-temperature scanning tunneling microscope. In particular, we discovered the zeroth Landau level, which is predicted to give rise to the half-quantized Hall effect for the topological surface states. The existence of the discrete Landau levels (LLs) and the suppression of LLs by surface impurities strongly support the 2D nature of the topological states. These observations may eventually lead to the realization of quantum Hall effect in topological insulators.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)