Large-scale galaxy bias

Vincent Desjacques, Donghui Jeong, Fabian Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

82 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This review presents a comprehensive overview of galaxy bias, that is, the statistical relation between the distribution of galaxies and matter. We focus on large scales where cosmic density fields are quasi-linear. On these scales, the clustering of galaxies can be described by a perturbative bias expansion, and the complicated physics of galaxy formation is absorbed by a finite set of coefficients of the expansion, called bias parameters. The review begins with a detailed derivation of this very important result, which forms the basis of the rigorous perturbative description of galaxy clustering, under the assumptions of General Relativity and Gaussian, adiabatic initial conditions. Key components of the bias expansion are all leading local gravitational observables, which include the matter density but also tidal fields and their time derivatives. We hence expand the definition of local bias to encompass all these contributions. This derivation is followed by a presentation of the peak-background split in its general form, which elucidates the physical meaning of the bias parameters, and a detailed description of the connection between bias parameters and galaxy statistics. We then review the excursion-set formalism and peak theory which provide predictions for the values of the bias parameters. In the remainder of the review, we consider the generalizations of galaxy bias required in the presence of various types of cosmological physics that go beyond pressureless matter with adiabatic, Gaussian initial conditions: primordial non-Gaussianity, massive neutrinos, baryon–CDM isocurvature perturbations, dark energy, and modified gravity. Finally, we discuss how the description of galaxy bias in the galaxies’ rest frame is related to clustering statistics measured from the observed angular positions and redshifts in actual galaxy catalogs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-193
Number of pages193
JournalPhysics Reports
Volume733
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 28 2018

Fingerprint

galaxies
expansion
derivation
statistics
physics
galactic evolution
dark energy
catalogs
relativity
neutrinos
gravitation
formalism
perturbation
coefficients
predictions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Desjacques, Vincent ; Jeong, Donghui ; Schmidt, Fabian. / Large-scale galaxy bias. In: Physics Reports. 2018 ; Vol. 733. pp. 1-193.
@article{7a7d72658f254d4ba3d7969a0156451e,
title = "Large-scale galaxy bias",
abstract = "This review presents a comprehensive overview of galaxy bias, that is, the statistical relation between the distribution of galaxies and matter. We focus on large scales where cosmic density fields are quasi-linear. On these scales, the clustering of galaxies can be described by a perturbative bias expansion, and the complicated physics of galaxy formation is absorbed by a finite set of coefficients of the expansion, called bias parameters. The review begins with a detailed derivation of this very important result, which forms the basis of the rigorous perturbative description of galaxy clustering, under the assumptions of General Relativity and Gaussian, adiabatic initial conditions. Key components of the bias expansion are all leading local gravitational observables, which include the matter density but also tidal fields and their time derivatives. We hence expand the definition of local bias to encompass all these contributions. This derivation is followed by a presentation of the peak-background split in its general form, which elucidates the physical meaning of the bias parameters, and a detailed description of the connection between bias parameters and galaxy statistics. We then review the excursion-set formalism and peak theory which provide predictions for the values of the bias parameters. In the remainder of the review, we consider the generalizations of galaxy bias required in the presence of various types of cosmological physics that go beyond pressureless matter with adiabatic, Gaussian initial conditions: primordial non-Gaussianity, massive neutrinos, baryon–CDM isocurvature perturbations, dark energy, and modified gravity. Finally, we discuss how the description of galaxy bias in the galaxies’ rest frame is related to clustering statistics measured from the observed angular positions and redshifts in actual galaxy catalogs.",
author = "Vincent Desjacques and Donghui Jeong and Fabian Schmidt",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1016/j.physrep.2017.12.002",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "733",
pages = "1--193",
journal = "Physics Reports",
issn = "0370-1573",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Large-scale galaxy bias. / Desjacques, Vincent; Jeong, Donghui; Schmidt, Fabian.

In: Physics Reports, Vol. 733, 28.02.2018, p. 1-193.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Large-scale galaxy bias

AU - Desjacques, Vincent

AU - Jeong, Donghui

AU - Schmidt, Fabian

PY - 2018/2/28

Y1 - 2018/2/28

N2 - This review presents a comprehensive overview of galaxy bias, that is, the statistical relation between the distribution of galaxies and matter. We focus on large scales where cosmic density fields are quasi-linear. On these scales, the clustering of galaxies can be described by a perturbative bias expansion, and the complicated physics of galaxy formation is absorbed by a finite set of coefficients of the expansion, called bias parameters. The review begins with a detailed derivation of this very important result, which forms the basis of the rigorous perturbative description of galaxy clustering, under the assumptions of General Relativity and Gaussian, adiabatic initial conditions. Key components of the bias expansion are all leading local gravitational observables, which include the matter density but also tidal fields and their time derivatives. We hence expand the definition of local bias to encompass all these contributions. This derivation is followed by a presentation of the peak-background split in its general form, which elucidates the physical meaning of the bias parameters, and a detailed description of the connection between bias parameters and galaxy statistics. We then review the excursion-set formalism and peak theory which provide predictions for the values of the bias parameters. In the remainder of the review, we consider the generalizations of galaxy bias required in the presence of various types of cosmological physics that go beyond pressureless matter with adiabatic, Gaussian initial conditions: primordial non-Gaussianity, massive neutrinos, baryon–CDM isocurvature perturbations, dark energy, and modified gravity. Finally, we discuss how the description of galaxy bias in the galaxies’ rest frame is related to clustering statistics measured from the observed angular positions and redshifts in actual galaxy catalogs.

AB - This review presents a comprehensive overview of galaxy bias, that is, the statistical relation between the distribution of galaxies and matter. We focus on large scales where cosmic density fields are quasi-linear. On these scales, the clustering of galaxies can be described by a perturbative bias expansion, and the complicated physics of galaxy formation is absorbed by a finite set of coefficients of the expansion, called bias parameters. The review begins with a detailed derivation of this very important result, which forms the basis of the rigorous perturbative description of galaxy clustering, under the assumptions of General Relativity and Gaussian, adiabatic initial conditions. Key components of the bias expansion are all leading local gravitational observables, which include the matter density but also tidal fields and their time derivatives. We hence expand the definition of local bias to encompass all these contributions. This derivation is followed by a presentation of the peak-background split in its general form, which elucidates the physical meaning of the bias parameters, and a detailed description of the connection between bias parameters and galaxy statistics. We then review the excursion-set formalism and peak theory which provide predictions for the values of the bias parameters. In the remainder of the review, we consider the generalizations of galaxy bias required in the presence of various types of cosmological physics that go beyond pressureless matter with adiabatic, Gaussian initial conditions: primordial non-Gaussianity, massive neutrinos, baryon–CDM isocurvature perturbations, dark energy, and modified gravity. Finally, we discuss how the description of galaxy bias in the galaxies’ rest frame is related to clustering statistics measured from the observed angular positions and redshifts in actual galaxy catalogs.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85049946971&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85049946971&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.physrep.2017.12.002

DO - 10.1016/j.physrep.2017.12.002

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:85049946971

VL - 733

SP - 1

EP - 193

JO - Physics Reports

JF - Physics Reports

SN - 0370-1573

ER -