The N-nitroso-N-methylurea-induced rat mammary tumor model was used to conduct two types of studies: a prevention study designed to test the ability of the novel selective estrogen receptor modulator lasofoxifene (LAS) to inhibit the development of mammary tumors, and a treatment study designed to test the inhibitory effect of LAS on the growth of established tumors. The prevention study indicated that LAS markedly delayed the emergence of N-nitroso-N-methylurea-induced tumors to an extent similar to that obtained by the established antiestrogen tamoxifen (TAM). At the highest dose administered, both TAM and LAS reduced tumor incidence by 75% and total tumor number by 90% relative to the controls. LAS also reduced the multiplicity of tumors, i.e., the mean number of tumors per rat, and resulted in substantially smaller total tumor burden. In the treatment study, LAS significantly inhibited tumor growth compared with the controls. In addition, whereas none of the untreated tumors regressed completely over the experimental period, 40% of LAS-treated tumors regressed by >50% at the highest dose (10 mg/kg daily). The results of this study in a rat mammary tumor model indicate that LAS has both chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic effects quantitatively comparable with those of TAM.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Dec 15 2001|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research