Fast-scan rate voltammetry in conjunction with background subtraction techniques has been used to examine the effect of laser activation at carbon fiber microdisk electrodes. The voltammetry observed after laser treatment shows marked changes in electron transfer kinetics and in voltammetric symmetry. These voltammetric parameters are estimated by matching observed voltammetric behavior with digitally simulated voltammograms. The composition and pH of the supporting electrolyte were found to play large roles in the observed voltammetry of catechols after laser activation of the electrode. Voltammetric symmetry of oxidation vs reduction waves is described by the apparent charge transfer coefficient, β. The asymmetry of fast-scan cyclic voltammograms of dopamine, 4-methylcatechol, and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid in a buffer system containing 0.05 M citrate and 0.05 M phosphate is presented. In this buffer system, β is approximately 0.5 at pH 2.0 and significantly less than 0.5 at pH 6.0 and 7.0. Interestingly, β for dopamine electron transfer at pH 8.0 is above 0.5. Possible explanations for the observed voltammetric asymmetry are presented in terms of electrostatic interactions and complexation of analyte molecules with anionic solution species.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry