In situ Ni-Cr-Al-Hf alloy has been developed by laser surface cladding with a mixed powder feed for improved high temperature oxidation resistance. Oxidation-resistant materials for operation at elevated temperatures must satisfy two requirements: diffusion through the oxide scale must occur at the lowest possible rate, and the oxide scale must resist spallation. Formation of an Al//2O//3 protective scale fulfills the former requirement but its adherence is poor. A reactive metal such as Hf is added to improve adhesion. A 10 KW CO//2 laser was used for laser cladding. Optical, SEM and STEM microanalysis techniques were employed to characterize the different phases produced during the cladding process. Microstructural studies showed a high degree of grain refinement, increased solid solubility of Hf in the matrix and the formation of Hf-rich precipitates. A thermogravimetric analysis was carried out to determine the oxidation properties of these clad alloys with an extended solid solution of Hf. Considerable improvement over the base metal was observed. This paper discusses microstructural development in this laser clad alloy and its effect on oxidation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||High temperature technology|
|State||Published - Aug 1 1987|
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