We demonstate a laser-cooled Cs fountain which can be used as a frequency standard. The fountain has been used to measure the frequency shift due to ultracold Cs-Cs collisions at temperatures below 2.8 μK. The measured shift is -12.9±0.7 mHz for a density of (2.7±1.5)×109 cm-3 beginning with an even distribution (±10%) among the F=3, mF states. For a fountain with 95% of the atoms in the mF=0 states, we measure a frequency shift of -5.5±0.5 mHz at a density of (3.5±2.0)×108 cm-3.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)