Laser modified fuel cell diffusion media

Engineering enhanced performance via localizedwater redistribution

Michael P. Manahan, Jr., J. T. Clement, A. K. Srouji, S. W. Brown, T. Reutzel, M. M. Mench

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present work demonstrates an innovative concept of obtaining enhanced performance via laser treatment of the cathode-side diffusion medium (DM) while mitigating identified degradation modes. A diffusion medium was modified such that hydrophilic heat affected zones (HAZ) were introduced, which led to localized water redistribution. However, no perforation was created, thus mitigating accelerated degradation of the catalyst layer and diffusion medium. Thismaterialwas compared to a diffusionmediumwith 100-μm diameter perforations that contained heat affected zones surrounding the perforations. In-situ net water drag experiments indicate that at low humidity and low-to-moderate current densities, a non-perforated microporous layer (MPL) forces more water to back diffuse from the cathode to the anode. However, when more water is produced at higher currents or the inlet streams are close to saturation, the non-perforated MPL acts as a barrier to prevent liquid water in the cathode DM from moving toward the anode. Furthermore, a computational model showed that the thermal gradients introduced as a result of the perforations can significantly change the water transport, particularly due to phase-change induced flow. This work adds understanding to the role of the MPL and the laser-induced heat affected zones in polymer electrolyte fuel cell performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume161
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Fuel cells
Water
Lasers
Heat affected zone
Cathodes
Anodes
Degradation
Thermal gradients
Electrolytes
Drag
Atmospheric humidity
Polymers
Current density
Catalysts
Liquids
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "The present work demonstrates an innovative concept of obtaining enhanced performance via laser treatment of the cathode-side diffusion medium (DM) while mitigating identified degradation modes. A diffusion medium was modified such that hydrophilic heat affected zones (HAZ) were introduced, which led to localized water redistribution. However, no perforation was created, thus mitigating accelerated degradation of the catalyst layer and diffusion medium. Thismaterialwas compared to a diffusionmediumwith 100-μm diameter perforations that contained heat affected zones surrounding the perforations. In-situ net water drag experiments indicate that at low humidity and low-to-moderate current densities, a non-perforated microporous layer (MPL) forces more water to back diffuse from the cathode to the anode. However, when more water is produced at higher currents or the inlet streams are close to saturation, the non-perforated MPL acts as a barrier to prevent liquid water in the cathode DM from moving toward the anode. Furthermore, a computational model showed that the thermal gradients introduced as a result of the perforations can significantly change the water transport, particularly due to phase-change induced flow. This work adds understanding to the role of the MPL and the laser-induced heat affected zones in polymer electrolyte fuel cell performance.",
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Laser modified fuel cell diffusion media : Engineering enhanced performance via localizedwater redistribution. / Manahan, Jr., Michael P.; Clement, J. T.; Srouji, A. K.; Brown, S. W.; Reutzel, T.; Mench, M. M.

In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 161, No. 10, 01.01.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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