Laser weld repair of single crystal Ni-base superalloys

T. Anderson, J. DuPont, Tarasankar Debroy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The weld repair of single-crystal (SX) gas turbine blades can be hampered by the loss of the SX structure due to the development of stray grains in the liquid, severely reducing creep resistance. This Columnar-to-Equiaxed Transition (CET) has been investigated extensively in casting processes, and more recent studies have focused on its occurrence during welding. These results have shown that weld pool shape and thermal conditions significantly affect the stray grain formation tendency. Heat transfer/fluid flow models were used to predict weld pool shape. The results of these simulations were compared with the experimental weld passes on the SX Nibased superalloy CMSX-4. Laser welds were conducted under various processing conditions and crystallographic orientations. The weld pool dimensions were measured, and the stray grains were revealed in the microstructure using orientational imaging microscopy in the SEM. The fraction of stray grains was shown to be a function of processing parameters. The simulated weld pools could provide critical information about local solidification conditions that could ultimately assist in the construction of a tool for prediction of the CET.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMaterials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'07 - "Exploring Structure, Processing, and Applications Across Multiple Materials Systems"
Pages3165-3174
Number of pages10
Volume5
StatePublished - 2007
EventMaterials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'07 - "Exploring Structure, Processing, and Applications Across Multiple Materials Systems" - Detroit, MI, United States
Duration: Sep 16 2007Sep 20 2007

Other

OtherMaterials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'07 - "Exploring Structure, Processing, and Applications Across Multiple Materials Systems"
CountryUnited States
CityDetroit, MI
Period9/16/079/20/07

Fingerprint

heat resistant alloys
Superalloys
Welds
Repair
Single crystals
Lasers
single crystals
grain formation
lasers
creep strength
turbine blades
gas turbines
welding
solidification
fluid flow
tendencies
heat transfer
occurrences
microscopy
microstructure

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Anderson, T., DuPont, J., & Debroy, T. (2007). Laser weld repair of single crystal Ni-base superalloys. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'07 - "Exploring Structure, Processing, and Applications Across Multiple Materials Systems" (Vol. 5, pp. 3165-3174)
Anderson, T. ; DuPont, J. ; Debroy, Tarasankar. / Laser weld repair of single crystal Ni-base superalloys. Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'07 - "Exploring Structure, Processing, and Applications Across Multiple Materials Systems". Vol. 5 2007. pp. 3165-3174
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Anderson, T, DuPont, J & Debroy, T 2007, Laser weld repair of single crystal Ni-base superalloys. in Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'07 - "Exploring Structure, Processing, and Applications Across Multiple Materials Systems". vol. 5, pp. 3165-3174, Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'07 - "Exploring Structure, Processing, and Applications Across Multiple Materials Systems", Detroit, MI, United States, 9/16/07.

Laser weld repair of single crystal Ni-base superalloys. / Anderson, T.; DuPont, J.; Debroy, Tarasankar.

Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'07 - "Exploring Structure, Processing, and Applications Across Multiple Materials Systems". Vol. 5 2007. p. 3165-3174.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Anderson T, DuPont J, Debroy T. Laser weld repair of single crystal Ni-base superalloys. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'07 - "Exploring Structure, Processing, and Applications Across Multiple Materials Systems". Vol. 5. 2007. p. 3165-3174