Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latent membrane protein 2A (LMP2A) is expressed on the membranes of B lymphocytes and blocks B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling in EBV-transformed B lymphocytes in vitro. The phosphotyrosine motifs at positions 74 or 85 and 112 within the LMP2A amino-terminal domain are essential for the LMP2A-mediated block of B-cell signal transduction. In vivo studies indicate that LMP2A allows B-cell survival in the absence of normal BCR signals. A possible role for Akt in the LMP2A-mediated B-cell survival was investigated. The protein kinase Akt is a crucial regulator of cell survival and is activated within B lymphocytes upon BCR cross-linking. LMP2A expression resulted in the constitutive phosphorylation of Akt, and this LMP2A effect is dependent on phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity. In addition, recruitment of Syk and Lyn protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) to tyrosines 74 or 85 and 112, respectively, are critical for LMP2A-mediated Akt phosphorylation. However, the ability of LMP2A to mediate a survival phenotype downstream of Akt could not be detected in EBV-negative Akata cells. This would indicate that LMP2A is not responsible for EBV-dependent Burkitt's lymphoma cell survival.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of virology|
|State||Published - 2000|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Insect Science