We propose a realization of the lattice-symmetry-assisted second-order topological superconductors with corner Majorana zero modes (MZM) based on two-dimensional topological insulators (2DTI). The lattice symmetry can naturally lead to the anisotropic coupling of edge states along different directions to the in-plane magnetic field and conventional s-wave pairings, thus leading to a single MZM located at the corners for various lattice patterns. In particular, we focus on the 2DTI with D3d lattice symmetry and found different types of gap opening for the edge states along the armchair and zigzag edges in a broad range of parameters. As a consequence, a single MZM exists at the corner between the zigzag and armchair edges, and is robust against weakly broken lattice symmetry. We propose to realize such corner MZMs in a variety of polygon patterns, such as triangles and quadrilaterals. We further show their potentials in building the Majorana network through constructing the Majorana Y junction under an in-plane magnetic field.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)