Layer-by-layer assembly of ultrathin composite films from micron-sized graphite oxide sheets and polycations

Nina I. Kovtyukhova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2710 Scopus citations

Abstract

Unilamellar colloids of graphite oxide (GO) were prepared from natural graphite and were grown as monolayer and multilayer thin films on cationic surfaces by electrostatic self-assembly. The multilayer films were grown by alternate adsorption of anionic GO sheets and cationic poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH). The monolayer films consisted of 11-14 Å thick GO sheets, with lateral dimensions between 150 nm and 9 μm. Silicon substrates primed with amine monolayers gave partial GO monolayers, but surfaces primed with Al13O4(OH)24(H2O)12 7+ ions gave densely tiled films that covered approximately 90% of the surface. When alkaline GO colloids were used, the monolayer assembly process selected the largest sheets (from 900 nm to 9 μm) from the suspension. In this case, many of the flexible sheets appeared folded in AFM images. Multilayer (GO/PAH)n films were invariably thicker than expected from the individual thicknesses of the sheets and the polymer monolayers, and this behavior is also attributed to folding of the sheets. Multilayer (GO/PAH)n and (GO/ polyaniline)n films grown between indium-tin oxide and Pt electrodes show diodelike behavior, and higher currents are observed with the conductive polyaniline-containing films. The resisitivity of these films is decreased, as expected, by partial reduction of GO to carbon.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)771-778
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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