Leaching and immobilization behavior of Zn and Cr from cement-based stabilization/solidification of ash produced from incineration

Athanasios K. Karamalidis, Evangelos A. Voudrias

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, stabilization/solidification of ash derived from real refinery oily sludge samples was applied using two types of cement (CEM I42.5N and II42.5N) in various additions. Leaching behavior of Cr and Zn was investigated, by means of a five-point sequential Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) test. Sequential TCLP extractions of incinerated refinery sludge samples resulted in very low leachability ( < 0.2 mg/L at 8.6 < pH < 11.6) of heavy metals (Ni, Pb, Co, Cd, Cu, and Fe) after stabilization/solidification with cement, except for Cr (< 40 mg/L at 8.6 < pH < 12.1) and Zn (< 6 mg/L at 8.6 < pH < 12.1). Furthermore, the leaching behavior of Cr and Zn was modeled using the chemical equilibrium program Visual MINTEQ. For that purpose the Diffuse Layer Model (DLM) coupled with 2-pK formalism was employed to model the suspected formation of CaCrO 4(s), Cr(VI)-ettringite and zinc hydroxide. The results showed that Cr leachability was mainly controlled by the speciation of Cr(VI) in the alkaline matrix of the solidified ash and depended on the dissolution of Cr(VI)-bearing minerals, such as CaCrO4(s) at 8.7 < pH < 11.5 and Cr(VI)-ettringite at pH > 11.5, as described by chemical equilibrium. Zn leachability in the TCLP extracts was controlled by dissolution of Zn(OH) 2(s) and/or ZnO(s), in combination with surface complexation and precipitation on a ferrihydrite surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-96
Number of pages16
JournalEnvironmental Engineering Science
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

Fingerprint

Ashes
Waste incineration
solidification
incineration
immobilization
Leaching
Solidification
Cements
stabilization
cement
ash
Stabilization
leaching
Toxicity
toxicity
sludge
ferrihydrite
Sewage sludge
Complexation
complexation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

Cite this

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abstract = "In this paper, stabilization/solidification of ash derived from real refinery oily sludge samples was applied using two types of cement (CEM I42.5N and II42.5N) in various additions. Leaching behavior of Cr and Zn was investigated, by means of a five-point sequential Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) test. Sequential TCLP extractions of incinerated refinery sludge samples resulted in very low leachability ( < 0.2 mg/L at 8.6 < pH < 11.6) of heavy metals (Ni, Pb, Co, Cd, Cu, and Fe) after stabilization/solidification with cement, except for Cr (< 40 mg/L at 8.6 < pH < 12.1) and Zn (< 6 mg/L at 8.6 < pH < 12.1). Furthermore, the leaching behavior of Cr and Zn was modeled using the chemical equilibrium program Visual MINTEQ. For that purpose the Diffuse Layer Model (DLM) coupled with 2-pK formalism was employed to model the suspected formation of CaCrO 4(s), Cr(VI)-ettringite and zinc hydroxide. The results showed that Cr leachability was mainly controlled by the speciation of Cr(VI) in the alkaline matrix of the solidified ash and depended on the dissolution of Cr(VI)-bearing minerals, such as CaCrO4(s) at 8.7 < pH < 11.5 and Cr(VI)-ettringite at pH > 11.5, as described by chemical equilibrium. Zn leachability in the TCLP extracts was controlled by dissolution of Zn(OH) 2(s) and/or ZnO(s), in combination with surface complexation and precipitation on a ferrihydrite surface.",
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N2 - In this paper, stabilization/solidification of ash derived from real refinery oily sludge samples was applied using two types of cement (CEM I42.5N and II42.5N) in various additions. Leaching behavior of Cr and Zn was investigated, by means of a five-point sequential Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) test. Sequential TCLP extractions of incinerated refinery sludge samples resulted in very low leachability ( < 0.2 mg/L at 8.6 < pH < 11.6) of heavy metals (Ni, Pb, Co, Cd, Cu, and Fe) after stabilization/solidification with cement, except for Cr (< 40 mg/L at 8.6 < pH < 12.1) and Zn (< 6 mg/L at 8.6 < pH < 12.1). Furthermore, the leaching behavior of Cr and Zn was modeled using the chemical equilibrium program Visual MINTEQ. For that purpose the Diffuse Layer Model (DLM) coupled with 2-pK formalism was employed to model the suspected formation of CaCrO 4(s), Cr(VI)-ettringite and zinc hydroxide. The results showed that Cr leachability was mainly controlled by the speciation of Cr(VI) in the alkaline matrix of the solidified ash and depended on the dissolution of Cr(VI)-bearing minerals, such as CaCrO4(s) at 8.7 < pH < 11.5 and Cr(VI)-ettringite at pH > 11.5, as described by chemical equilibrium. Zn leachability in the TCLP extracts was controlled by dissolution of Zn(OH) 2(s) and/or ZnO(s), in combination with surface complexation and precipitation on a ferrihydrite surface.

AB - In this paper, stabilization/solidification of ash derived from real refinery oily sludge samples was applied using two types of cement (CEM I42.5N and II42.5N) in various additions. Leaching behavior of Cr and Zn was investigated, by means of a five-point sequential Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) test. Sequential TCLP extractions of incinerated refinery sludge samples resulted in very low leachability ( < 0.2 mg/L at 8.6 < pH < 11.6) of heavy metals (Ni, Pb, Co, Cd, Cu, and Fe) after stabilization/solidification with cement, except for Cr (< 40 mg/L at 8.6 < pH < 12.1) and Zn (< 6 mg/L at 8.6 < pH < 12.1). Furthermore, the leaching behavior of Cr and Zn was modeled using the chemical equilibrium program Visual MINTEQ. For that purpose the Diffuse Layer Model (DLM) coupled with 2-pK formalism was employed to model the suspected formation of CaCrO 4(s), Cr(VI)-ettringite and zinc hydroxide. The results showed that Cr leachability was mainly controlled by the speciation of Cr(VI) in the alkaline matrix of the solidified ash and depended on the dissolution of Cr(VI)-bearing minerals, such as CaCrO4(s) at 8.7 < pH < 11.5 and Cr(VI)-ettringite at pH > 11.5, as described by chemical equilibrium. Zn leachability in the TCLP extracts was controlled by dissolution of Zn(OH) 2(s) and/or ZnO(s), in combination with surface complexation and precipitation on a ferrihydrite surface.

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